Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering

Department of Psychology, 226 Kent Hall Annex, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA.
Behavior Therapy (Impact Factor: 3.69). 10/2007; 38(3):234-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2006.08.003
Source: PubMed


Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated the factor structure of the EQ in both undergraduate and clinical populations. A single, unifactorial decentering construct emerged using 2 undergraduate samples. The convergent and discriminant validity of this decentering factor was demonstrated in negative relationships with measures of depression symptoms, depressive rumination, experiential avoidance, and emotion regulation. Finally, the factor structure of the EQ was replicated in a clinical sample of individuals in remission from depression, and the decentering factor evidenced a negative relationship to concurrent levels of depression symptoms. Findings from this series of studies offer initial support for the EQ as a measure of decentering.

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    • "These findings may also lend credence to the multifaceted definition of decentering offered by Bernstein and colleagues (2015). However more research is needed to further understand these relationships, particularly in light of ongoing efforts to resolve-and validate the definition and measurement of decentering with instruments such as the EQ (e.g., Fresco, Moore, et al., 2007; Gecht et al., 2014). Our findings are consistent with theory and research suggesting that mindfulness and selfdistancing are associated with better abilities to mentally manipulate, or work with emotional material in conscious awareness, without becoming stuck in recursive patterns of selfreferential thinking (e.g., rumination and worry; Hölzel et al., 2011; Teasdale, 1999; Vago & Silbersweig, 2012). "

    Full-text · Article · Feb 2016 · Psychological Assessment
    • "We are now extending AEON, considering the design opportunities we identified in this study. In particular, we have included into the app an assessment of decentering, i.e. the EQ (Fresco et al., 2007), to be used in longitudinal studies that will be based on a publicly available version of the app and that aim at assessing changes in participants' level of decentering after different periods of app usage. We have also included into the app a short questionnaire to distinguish naive meditators from people with experience with meditation (experienced meditators). "
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    ABSTRACT: Mindfulness is attracting an increasing interest due to its health and well-being benefits, but its practice can be difficult for people with no or minimal experience with meditation. In this study, we aim at thoroughly investigating participants' user experience with a mobile mindfulness app (AEON). In particular, we focus on perceptions in using the app for ameliorating worry, as well as on understanding in situ usage. We employ thematic analysis to qualitatively analyze participants' interviews at the end of a 5-week study period. Results indicate that several participants experienced decentering from their worries when using the app. Moreover, AEON was perceived as easy and pleasant to use. However, results also highlight that some participants did not experience decentering from all or some of their worries, and we discuss the possible reasons. Finally, unexpected patterns of use, user's suggestions and some usability problems emerged from the study, allowing us to identify some design opportunities for mindfulness apps.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Interacting with Computers
    • "This storytelling and sharing approach is not conducted in an educational or persuasive way but rather through a mutual discussion and is mostly initiated by the athletes' thinking. In line with the decentering evaluation method using the Measure of Awareness and Coping in Autobiographical Memory (MACAM; Moore, Hayhurst, & Teasdale, 1996 as cited in Fresco et al., 2007 "

    No preview · Chapter · Jan 2016
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