Diversity and relationship between Iranian ethnic groups: Human dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) VNTR genotyping
Department of Medical Genetics, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran.American Journal of Human Biology (Impact Factor: 1.7). 11/2007; 19(6):821-6. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.20647
The 40-bp VNTR polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region of the human DAT1 (dopamine transporter 1) was analyzed in the Iranian ethnic groups in order to examine the influence of geographical and linguistic affiliation on the genetic affinities among the Iranian population. A total of 449 subjects belonging to nine ethnic groups from the Iranian population were included in the study. The screening of 898 chromosomes showed five alleles (6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11), of which allele 10 revealed the highest frequency in most regions. Allele 8 was predominant in one ethnicity and occurred more frequently in the center of Iran. This study shows that the DAT1 distribution in Iran has a different pattern from those in other studies, which can contribute to an understanding of differentiation and diversity of Iranian ethnic groups. This polymorphism could represent the genetic diversity among the various ethnic groups of Iran.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Variation of a VNTR in the DAT1 gene in seven ethnic groups of the Middle East was used to infer the history and affinities of these groups. The populations consisted of Assyrian, Jewish, Zoroastrian, Armenian, Turkmen, and Arab peoples of Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait. Three hundred forty subjects from these seven ethnic groups were screened for DAT1. DAT1 VNTR genotyping showed 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 alleles in the samples. Analysis of these data revealed differentiation and relationship among the populations. In this region, which covers an area of 2-2.5 million km2, the influence of geography and especially of linguistic characteristics has had potentially major effects on differentiation. Religion also has played a major role in imposing restrictions on some ethnic groups, who as a consequence have maintained their community. Overall, these ethnic groups showed greater heterogeneity compared to other populations.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The dopamine transporter (DAT1) is a membrane spanning protein that binds the neurotransmitter dopamine and performs re-uptake of dopamine from the synapse into a neuron. The gene encoding DAT1 consists of 15 exons spanning 60 kb on chromosome 5p15.32. Several studies have investigated the possible associations between variants in DAT1 gene and psychiatric disorders. The present study aimed to determine the distribution of the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region of DAT1 in 12 Indian populations. A total of 471 healthy unrelated individuals in 12 Indian populations from 3 linguistic groups were included in the present study. The analysis was carried out using PCR and electrophoresis. Overall, 4 alleles of the DAT1 40-bp VNTR, ranging from 7 to 11 repeats were detected. Heterozygosity indices were low and varied from 0.114 to 0.406. The results demonstrate the variability of the DAT1 40-bp VNTR polymorphism in Indian populations and revealed a high similarity with East Asian populations.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.