Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 2: Qualitative research

School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, UK.
British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing) 06/2007; 16(12):738-44. DOI: 10.12968/bjon.2007.16.12.23726
Source: PubMed


As with a quantitative study, critical analysis of a qualitative study involves an in-depth review of how each step of the research was undertaken. Qualitative and quantitative studies are, however, fundamentally different approaches to research and therefore need to be considered differently with regard to critiquing. The different philosophical underpinnings of the various qualitative research methods generate discrete ways of reasoning and distinct terminology; however, there are also many similarities within these methods. Because of this and its subjective nature, qualitative research it is often regarded as more difficult to critique. Nevertheless, an evidenced-based profession such as nursing cannot accept research at face value, and nurses need to be able to determine the strengths and limitations of qualitative as well as quantitative research studies when reviewing the available literature on a topic.

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Available from: Patricia Cronin, Dec 03, 2014
    • "An exploratory descriptive survey utilising a cross-sectional self-reporting questionnaire was selected for its ease of use by respondents with the added advantage for coding and usage with computer analysis packages (Bryman 2004; Parahoo 2006). Reliability and validity of the instruments were addressed by piloting the questionnaire (n = 10) to determine whether questions were clear and unambiguous (Coughlan et al. 2007) and an expert review panel (statistician , quantitative researcher, two Palliative Care Clinical Nurse Specialists and a senior researcher) verified face validity of the instrument and assured usability. Based on feedback from the review panel, minor revisions were made to the wording of individual questions. "
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    ABSTRACT: Palliative care services have developed over the years to support all persons with life-limiting conditions. Moreover, services for people with an intellectual disability have moved from the traditional institutional setting to supporting people with an intellectual disability to live in their own community and family home. The expansion of palliative care services and integration of people with intellectual disability into their communities has resulted in an increased demand and greater diversity in the population groups accessing palliative care services. This study aims to describe the provision of community nursing support for persons with an intellectual disability and palliative/end-of-life care needs from the perspective of community nurses. A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional survey was employed. On receipt of ethical approval, data were collected through self-reporting questionnaires and descriptive analysis was conducted to describe frequencies and to identify patterns of the respondents using spss version 18. Only 85 people with an intellectual disability were referred to palliative/end-of-life care services over a 3-year period. Those delivering care expressed challenges including, understanding communication styles, late referrals, lack of time, knowledge and skills. Highlighted within the study were the benefits of liaison between family and professional and nonprofessional carers. Findings provide insight into the importance of teamwork, advance planning, knowing the person and best practice in providing palliative/end-of-life care for people with intellectual disability through collaboration.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · British Journal of Learning Disabilities
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    • "The participants' answers in the interviews described their individual experiences. However, the material was saturated so that the aims and purpose of the study were fulfilled and the research questions were answered (Ryan et al. 2007, Burns & Grove 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: AimsThe purpose was to describe Finnish registered nurses' experiences of rewarding. The aim was to gather detailed information on the rewarding of nurses to help nurse managers and leaders to update existing reward strategy and to develop an effective reward system. Background Rewarding has been found positively to influence nurses' occupational well-being and commitment to their work, and the attractiveness of the health care field. MethodsA series of focused interviews with 10 registered nurses was conducted in 2011. Qualitative content analysis method was used. ResultThe nurses reported positive experiences with rewarding in the form of monetary compensation and other benefits, the positive aspects of nursing work and opportunities for professional development. The experiences of unsatisfactory rewarding generally stemmed from negative emotional experiences, lacking rewards and inequality in rewarding. Conclusion It is essential to listen to nurses and to provide appropriate acknowledgement and appreciation of their work in order to develop an effective reward system. Implications for nursing managementIt is important to listen to nurses' experiences of rewarding because it enables nurse managers to maintain and increase the attractiveness of nursing and health care work in general.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Journal of Nursing Management
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    • "Prior to the interview, we fully explained the purposes and nature of this research, and written consent was obtained from the participants. Participants had the right to withdraw from the interviews at any time (Ryan et al. 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Aims and objectivesTo gain an understanding of the perceptions of postpartum women regarding the desired nursing qualities of obstetric nurses. Background Giving birth is one of the most memorable events in a woman's life. A positive birth experience can foster women's self-worth and promote family relationship. As obstetric nurses play an important role in facilitating birth-giving experiences, it is essential to explore postpartum women's desired nursing qualities of obstetric nurses. DesignQualitative approach based on 15 individual semi-structural interviews Methods Fifteen postpartum women who had given birth to healthy newborns were selected through purposive sampling approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and audio recorded in a private hospital in Hong Kong according to an interview guideline. Colaizzi's framework was used as a guideline to carry out interpretative phenomenological analysis. ResultsFive themes related to preferred obstetric nurses' qualities were captured: (1) providing information, (2) performing nursing skills in competent manner, (3) demonstrating a positive attitude, (4) attending to individual needs and (5) demonstrating cultural competence. Conclusion Nurses who demonstrate their skills, knowledge and attitude as well as their ability to give physical, psychological and educational support to postpartum women will be able to enhance patients' positive labour experience, resulting in greater patient satisfaction. Relevance to clinical practiceBy exploring postpartum women's desired qualities of obstetric nurses, nurses will gain a better understanding in their role and the definition of competent attitudes and skills. Nurses with preferred nursing qualities can enhance professional practice and patients' experience during the postpartum period, resulting in increased patient satisfaction.
    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Clinical Nursing
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