The prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in high-risk breast cancer patients of Chinese Han nationality: Two recurrent mutations were identified
Department of Oncology, Breast Cancer Institute, Cancer Hospital/Cancer Institute, Institutes of Biomedical Science, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, 270 Dong'an Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
(Impact Factor: 3.94).
07/2008; 110(1):99-109. DOI: 10.1007/s10549-007-9708-3
To have an overview of the role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes among Chinese high-risk breast cancer patients, we analyzed 489 such high-risk breast cancer patients from four breast disease clinical centers in China, by using PCR-DHPLC or SSCP-DNA sequencing analysis. Allelotype analysis was done at five short tandem repeat (STR) markers in or adjacent to BRCA1 on the recurrent mutation carriers. For those analyzed both genes, 8.7% of early-onset breast cancer cases and 12.9% of familial breast cancer cases had a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, as compared with the 26.1% of cases with both early-onset breast cancer and affected relatives. For those reporting malignancy family history other than breast/ovarian cancer, the prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutation is about 20.5%, and it was significantly higher than the patients only with family history of breast/ovarian cancer (P = 0.02). The family history of ovarian cancer (26.7% vs. 11.9%) and stomach cancer (23.8% vs. 11.8%) doubled the incidence of BRCA1/2, but the difference did not reach the statistical significance. Two recurrent mutations in BRCA1, 1100delAT and 5589del8, were identified. The recurrent mutations account for 34.8% BRCA1 mutations in our series. Similar allelotypes were detected in most STR status for those harboring the same mutations. The BRCA1 associated tumors were more likely to exhibit a high tumor grade, negative C-erbB-2/neu status and triple negative (ER, PgR and C-erbB-2/neu negative) status (P < 0.05). We recommended the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic analysis could be done for high-risk breast cancer patient in Chinese population, especially for those with both early-onset breast cancer and affected relatives. There may be some degree of shared ancestry for the two recurrent BRCA1 mutations in Chinese.
Available from: Lee Su Kim
- "Several studies have shown that breast cancers involving BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation are different from sporadic breast cancer cases. Several studies have demonstrated that BRCA1 mutation carriers often do not express the estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) (termed triple-negative breast cancer) [6,7,8,9]. In contrast, breast cancer cases with a BRCA2 mutation share similar pathologic features to sporadic cancers [9,10,11]. "
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Mutations in BRCA genes are the main cause of hereditary breast cancer in Korea. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of breast cancers involving BRCA1 (BRCA1 group) and BRCA2 (BRCA2 group) mutations.
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with BRCA1 (BRCA1 group) or BRCA2 (BRCA2 group) mutation positive breast cancer from multiple centers and compared the data to that of the Korean Breast Cancer Society registry (registry group).
The patients of the BRCA1 group were diagnosed at a younger age (median age, 37 years) and had tumors of higher histological (61.3% with histological grade 3) and nuclear (37.5% with nuclear grade 3) grade than those of the registry group. In addition, the frequency of ductal carcinoma in situ in the BRCA1 group was lower (3.7%) than in the registry group, and the BRCA1 group were more likely to be triple-negative breast cancer (61.3%). Patients in the BRCA2 group were also younger at diagnosis (mean age, 41 years) and were more likely to have involvement of the axillary node than the registry group (45.5% vs. 33.5%, p=0.002). The BRCA1 and BRCA2 groups did not show a correlation between tumor size and axillary node involvement.
We report the characteristics of BRCA mutation positive breast cancer patients in the Korean population through multicenter data and nation-wide breast cancer registry study. However, BRCA-mutated breast cancers appear highly complex, and further research on their molecular basis is needed in Korea.
Available from: Sara Orellana
- "Endophytic microorganisms are important in agriculture and are regarded to be ubiquitous, i.e., they are found in virtually all cultivable plants including soy (Hung et al., 2007; Li et al., 2008), beans (Trujillo-López et al., 2006), corn (Rijavec et al., 2007), cassava (Teixeira et al., 2007), potato (Rasche et al., 2009), rice (Mattos et al., 2008), and peanut (Ibáñez et al., 2009). Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) storage roots have been widely used for human and animal nutrition, mainly in tropical regions. "
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ABSTRACT: Denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) has been described as a suitable method to study DNA polymorphisms. Here, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) fermentation liquor was examined using DHPLC analysis to characterize the bacterial diversity during the fermentation process. GC-clamped amplicons corresponding to a variable region of the bacterial community 16S rDNA were synthesized using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and then resolved on a base-composition basis using preparative DHPLC. Eluate fractions were collected at random and used as a source of whole community DNA that could be used to determine the bacterial diversity. As a first approach, GC-clamps were removed from the eluted DNA fragments using PCR to avoid the possible bias these clamps could cause during the construction of clone libraries. As a second approach, a clone library of each eluate sample was constructed, preserving the GC-clamps of the DNA fragments. The first approach generated 132 bacterial rDNA sequences with an average size of 200 bp, 45% of which had similarity to unculturable or non-classified bacteria. The second approach produced 194 sequences identified as Proteobacteria (48%), uncultured or non-classified environmental bacteria (40%) and Firmicutes (12%). We detected a remarkably greater bacterial diversity using the first approach than the second approach. The DHPLC-PCR method allowed for the fast and non-laborious detection of a vast bacterial diversity that was associated with cassava fermentation, and we conclude that it is a promising alternative for the characterization of the overall microbial diversity in complex samples.
Available from: Troudi cherif Wafa
- "Most studies on different populations indicate that the frequency of BRCA1 mutations is higher in early onset breast cancer and that the mutation carriers are relatively younger than those non-mutation carriers at the age of cancer diagnosis [62, 63]. In this cumulative analysis, we notified that there was no significant difference between BRCA1 mutation carriers and non-carriers at the age of cancer diagnosis (46 vs. 43.8 "
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ABSTRACT: Germ-line mutations in BRCA1 breast cancer susceptibility gene account for a large proportion of hereditary breast cancer families and show considerable ethnic and geographical variations. The contribution of BRCA1 mutations to hereditary breast cancer has not yet been thoroughly investigated in Middle Eastern and North African populations. In this study, 16 Tunisian high-risk breast cancer families were screened for germline mutations in the entire BRCA1 coding region and exon-intron boundaries using direct sequencing. Six families were found to carry BRCA1 mutations with a prevalence of 37.5%. Four different deleterious mutations were detected. Three truncating mutations were previously described: c.798_799delTT (916 delTT), c.3331_3334delCAAG (3450 delCAAG), c.5266dupC (5382 insC) and one splice site mutation which seems to be specific to the Tunisian population: c.212 + 2insG (IVS5 + 2insG). We also identified 15 variants of unknown clinical significance. The c.798_799delTT mutation occurred at an 18% frequency and was shared by three apparently unrelated families. Analyzing five microsatellite markers in and flanking the BRCA1 locus showed a common haplotype associated with this mutation. This suggests that the c.798_799delTT mutation is a Tunisian founder mutation. Our findings indicate that the Tunisian population has a spectrum of prevalent BRCA1 mutations, some of which appear as recurrent and founding mutations.
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