The validation of ID Migraine (TM) screener in neurology outpatient clinics in Turkey

Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Uludag, 16059, Gorukle, Bursa, Turkey.
The Journal of Headache and Pain (Impact Factor: 2.8). 10/2007; 8(4):217-23. DOI: 10.1007/s10194-007-0397-4
Source: PubMed


The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of the ID Migraine test in neurology outpatient clinics (NOCs), regardless of their presenting complaints. Patients admitted to 41 NOCs were screened. Eligible subjects (n=3682) were evaluated by a neurologist for headache diagnosis according to the International Headache Society criteria and asked the 3-item screening questions of the ID Migraine test. Of 3682 patients, 917 (24.9%) were diagnosed as migraine, whereas 1171 (31.8%) were ID Migraine test positive. The sensitivity of the ID Migraine test for neurologist's diagnosis of migraine was 91.8%, specificity was 63.4%, positive predictive value was 71.9% and negative predictive value was 88.4%. The ID Migraine test is easy to use and a practical test that could alert the neurologist to diagnose patients having other complaints. This test would help to increase the diagnosis and treatment rate of undiagnosed migraine patients in NOCs.

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    • "Although migraine is thought to be an adult condition, it is common among adolescents as well. It is still an underestimated condition, even in neurology practice [22,23]. Thus it can easily be missed in adolescents, as well as the adults. "
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    ABSTRACT: Migraine is a significant health problem, especially for the young people, due to its frequency and accompanying morbidity, causing disability and loss of performance. In this study, our aim was to determine the prevalence of migraine headaches among university students in Edirne, a Turkish city. In this cross-sectional and descriptive study, study population was composed of students registered to Trakya University in the academic year of 2008-2009. Out of these, 3694 of them accepted to participate. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months formed the headache group. Afterwards, two preliminary questions were applied to the headache group and participants with at least one affirmative response were asked to perform the validated ID-Migraine™ test. The mean age of 3694 students participated in the study was 19.23 ± 1.84 (17-39 years), with adolescents:adult ratio being 2.5:1. 1613 students (43.7%) did have at least two headaches in the last three months. Migraine-type headache was detected in 266 subjects (7.2%) based on the ID-Migraine™ test. Of the migraine group, 72 were male (27.1%) and 194 were female (72.9%). There was no significant difference in migraine prevalence between adolescent and adult age groups. With a prevalence similar to adults, primary care physicians should be aware of the probability of migraine headaches in university students in order to maintain a successful school performance.
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    • "The Turkish version of the ID Migraine™ screening test has already been validated [11, 12]. Karli et al. [12] reported 91.8% sensitivity, 63.4% specificity, 71.9% positive predictive value and 88.4% negative predictive value for ID Migraine™ in their study. It has rarely been used in large series and primarily for validation purposes [9, 13, 14]. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this prospective study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of migraine and non-migraine headaches using a questionnaire, including ID Migraine, for university students. The study was designed cross-sectionally and a questionnaire consisting of 43 questions was applied to 1,256 students. The questionnaire consisted of questions related to demographic, social, curriculum, housing and headache characteristics of the subjects. Three-item screening questions of the ID Migraine test were included at the end of the questionnaire aimed at migraine diagnosis. The mean age of 1,256 students (529 females and 727 males) enrolled in this study was 21.9 +/- 2.1 years (17-31 years). Migraine-type headache was detected in 265 subjects (21.9%) based on the ID Migraine evaluation. Of these, 145 (54.7%) were female and 120 (45.3%) were male (female/male ratio: 1.2/1). Non-migraine-type headache was identified in 864 subjects, with 357 females and 507 males. As a conclusion, ID Migraine screening test might be practical and beneficial when a face-to-face interview is not possible or to pre-determine the subjects for a face-to-face interview for migraine diagnosis in larger populations.
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