Characterization of a β-fructofuranosidase from Schwanniomyces occidentalis with transfructosylating activity yielding the prebiotic 6-kestose

Departamento de Biología Molecular (CSIC-UAM), Universidad Autónoma Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
Journal of Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 2.87). 11/2007; 132(1):75-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2007.07.939
Source: PubMed


beta-Fructofuranosidases are powerful tools in industrial biotechnology. We have characterized an extracellular beta-fructofuranosidase from the yeast Schwanniomyces occidentalis. The enzyme shows broad substrate specificity, hydrolyzing sucrose, 1-kestose, nystose and raffinose, with different catalytic efficiencies (k(cat)/K(m)). Although the main reaction catalysed by this enzyme is sucrose hydrolysis, it also produces two fructooligosaccharides (FOS) by transfructosylation. A combination of (1)H, (13)C and 2D-NMR techniques shows that the major product is the prebiotic trisaccharide 6-kestose. The 6-kestose yield obtained with this beta-fructofuranosidase is, to our concern, higher than those reported with other 6-kestose-producing enzymes, both at the kinetic maximum (76gl(-1)) and at reaction equilibrium (44gl(-1)). The total FOS production in the kinetic maximum was 101gl(-1), which corresponded to 16.4% (w/w) referred to the total carbohydrates in the reaction mixture.

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Available from: Francisco J. Plou, Jul 11, 2014
    • "[9], and fructosyltransferases from onion [10], A. niger [11], Paenibacillus macerans [12], and Aureobasidium pullulans [13]. Neo-FOSs, however, have not been widely studied, probably because they are not commonly produced in microorganisms [8] [14] [15], or because they only account for a small fraction of the total FOS yield [16]. The basidiomycetous yeast Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (formerly Phaffia rhodozyma) can synthesize neokestose as a main product from sucrose [17]. "
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