Adipocytokines and breast cancer risk

Department of Endocrinology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China.
Chinese medical journal (Impact Factor: 1.05). 10/2007; 120(18):1592-6.
Source: PubMed


Many researches suggested that obesity increased the risk of breast cancer, but the mechanism was currently unknown. Adipocytokines might mediate the relationship. Our study was aimed to investigate the relationship between serum levels of resistin, adiponectin and leptin and the onset, invasion and metastasis of breast cancer.
Blood samples were collected from 80 newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed breast cancer patients and 50 age-matched healthy controls. Serum levels of resistin, adiponectin and leptin were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA); fasting blood glucose (FBG), lipids, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC) were assayed simultaneously.
Serum levels of adiponectin ((8.60 +/- 2.92) mg/L vs (10.37 +/- 2.81) mg/L, P = 0.001) and HDL-c were significantly decreased in breast cancer patients in comparison to controls. Serum levels of resistin ((26.35 +/- 5.36) microg/L vs (23.32 +/- 4.75) microg/L, P = 0.000), leptin ((1.35 +/- 0.42) microg/L vs (1.06 +/- 0.39) microg/L, P = 0.003), FBG and triglyceride (TG) in breast cancer patients were increased in contrast to controls, respectively. However, we did not find the significant difference of the serum levels of resistin, adiponectin and leptin between premenopausal breast cancer patients and healthy controls (P = 0.091, 0.109 and 0.084, respectively). The serum levels of resistin, adiponectin and leptin were significantly different between patients with lymph node metastasis (LNM) and those without LNM (P = 0.001, 0.000 and 0.006, respectively). The stepwise regression analysis indicated that the tumor size had the close correlation with leptin (R(2) = 0.414, P = 0.000) and FBG (R(2) = 0.602, P = 0.000). Logistic regression analysis showed that reduced serum levels of adiponectin (OR: 0.805; 95% CI: 0.704 - 0.921; P = 0.001), HDL (OR: 0.087; 95% CI: 0.011 - 0.691, P = 0.021), elevated leptin (OR: 2.235; 95% CI: 1.898 - 4.526; P = 0.004) and resistin (OR: 1.335; 95% CI: 1.114 - 2.354; P = 0.012) increased the risk for breast cancer; Reduced serum levels of adiponectin (OR: 0.742; 95% CI: 0.504 - 0.921; P = 0.003) and elevated leptin (OR: 2.134; 95% CI: 1.725 - 3.921; P = 0.001) were associated with lymph node metastasis of breast cancer.
The decreased serum adiponectin levels and increased serum resistin and leptin levels are risk factors of breast cancer. The low serum adiponectin levels and high serum leptin levels are independent risk factors for metastasis of cancer. The association between obesity and breast cancer risk might be explained by adipocytokines.

Full-text preview

Available from:
  • Source
    • "IL-17, a cytokine that is secreted by CD4 and CD8 cells (6–8), is required for the development and tumor-promoting activity of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in tumor-bearing mice (He and others 2010). TGF-b, IL-6, and IL-23 have been implicated in the initiation of Th17 cell differentiation in mice (Veldhoen and others 2006; Zhou and others 2007; Novitskiy and others 2011). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition protects pancreatic beta-cells against apoptosis induced by the combination of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and interferon (IFN)-γ. Decreased expression of cell damage-related genes is observed on the transcriptional level upon HDAC inhibition using either IL-1β or IFN-γ alone. Whereas HDAC inhibition has been shown to regulate NFκB-activity, related primarily to IL-1β signaling, it is unknown whether the inhibition of HDACs affect IFN-γ signaling in beta-cells. Further, in non-beta-cells, there is a dispute whether HDAC inhibition regulates IFN-γ signaling at the level of STAT1 Tyr701 phosphorylation. Using different small molecule HDAC inhibitors with varying class selectivity, INS-1E wild type and stable HDAC1-3 knockdown pancreatic INS-1 cell lines, we show that IFN-γ-induced Cxcl9 and iNos expression as well as Cxcl9 and GAS reporter activity were decreased by HDAC inhibition in a STAT1 Tyr701 phosphorylation-independent fashion. In fact, knockdown of HDAC1 increased IFN-γ-induced STAT1 phosphorylation.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
  • Source
    • "No significant unfavorable results were detected in the determined follow-up, however our findings don’t allow any conclusions about the long-term risk of breast cancer recurrence after lipotransfer [25], [42], [56], [67], [72]. The investigators emphasize the importance of regular clinical and radiological follow-up in post-mastectomy patients irrespective of the reconstruction procedure applied. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Autologous fat grafting has become a frequent, simple, reproducible and low-risk technique for revisional or partial breast reconstruction. The presented European multicenter study describes an optimized treatment and follow-up protocol for the de novo breast reconstruction after total mastectomy by lipotransfer alone. Methods: A retrospective European multicenter trial included 135 procedures on 28 (35 breasts) postmastectomy patients (mean 52.4 years). All women were treated with the water-jet assisted fat grafting method (BEAULI™) combined with additional procedures (NAC reconstruction, contralateral mastoplasty) and evaluated with at least 6 months follow-up (mean 2.6 years). Sonography or mammography, clinical examination, patient questionnaire (10-point Likert scale) and digital photographs were carried out. Results: On average the patients received 4 to 6 procedures each with a single volume of 159 ml (±61 ml) over 21 months (range 9 months to 2.5 years). In total 1,020 ml (±515 ml) fat were grafted till a complete breast reconstruction was achieved. Irradiated patients needed a significantly higher volume than non-irradiated (p<0.041). Main treatment complications were liponecrosis (2.59%), infection (0.74%) and granuloma (0.74%). Patient satisfaction was overall high to very high (96%) and confirmed the good aesthetic results (68%) and the natural softness, contour and shape of the reconstructed breast. Conclusions: A complete breast reconstruction with large volume fat grafting is alternatively possible to standard techniques in selected cases. It takes at least 4 to 6 lipotransfers in the course of 2 years. Patients with prior radiotherapy may require even up to 8 sessions over nearly 3 years of treatment.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · German medical science : GMS e-journal
  • Source
    • "Finally, 17 studies were available to analysis, 13 articles were included in OR meta-analysis involving 4 nested case-control studies [19–22] and 9 case-control studies [23–31]. With regard to the pooled measure on SMD, 13 articles with 1 nested case-control studies [19] and 12 case-control studies [23,24,26–35]. No cross-sectional or randomized controlled trials (RCT) studies were included based on our eligibility criteria. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Published results suggests that high adiponectin level may decrease the risk of breast cancer. However, available evidence on breast cancer is conflicting. Therefore a meta-analysis was performed to assess the association between blood adiponectin and breast cancer risk. PubMed database, Web of Science, Elsevier Science, Springer Link and bibliographies of retrieved articles were searched for epidemiological studies published up to March 2013. Meta-analysis was performed on the combined effect values (OR) as well as standardized mean difference (SMD) including 17 studies. Fixed or random effect pooled measure was selected on the basis of homogeneity test among studies. The publication bias was assessed by the Egger's regression asymmetry test and Begg's rank correlation test with Begg's funnel plot. Subgroup analyses and sensitivity analysis were also performed. A total of 13 studies involving 3578 breast cancer cases and 4363 controls contributed to the OR analysis. The high adiponectin level did not significantly affect breast cancer risk (OR=0.902, 95% CI=0.773-1.053). After excluding articles that were the key contributors to between-study heterogeneity, the OR of high adiponectin level was associated with decreased breast cancer risk (OR=0.838, 95% CI=0.744-0.943). There was a significantly association between high adiponectin level and postmenopausal breast cancer women (OR=0.752, 95%CI=0.604-0.936); and it was not associated with premenopausal breast cancer women (OR=0.895, 95%CI=0.638-1.256). The result of pooled measure on SMD was that the high adiponectin level was associated with decreased breast cancer risk (SMD= -0.348, 95% CI= -0.533--0.614) after excluding articles which were the key contributors to between-study heterogeneity. Our findings indicate that high adiponectin level might decrease the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. More randomized clinical trials and observational studies are needed to confirm this association with underlying biological mechanisms in the future.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2013 · PLoS ONE
Show more