Breast cancer risk reduction

ArticleinJournal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 5(8):676-701 · October 2007with9 Reads
Source: PubMed
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess primary care providers' communication about breast cancer risk. We evaluated 86 primary care providers' communication of risk using unannounced standardized (simulated) patients. Physicians were randomly assigned to receive one of three cases: (1) moderate risk case (n = 25), presenting with a breast lump and mother with postmenopausal breast cancer; (2) high-risk (maternal side) case (n = 28), presenting with concern about breast cancer risk; and (3) high-risk (paternal side) case (n = 33), presenting with an unrelated problem. After the appointment, three qualitative parameters were assessed by standardized patients on a 3-point scale (3 = highest satisfaction, 1 = lowest): whether the physician took adequate time; acknowledged her concerns; and offered reassurance. Mean satisfaction with physician communication was higher for the moderate risk case (2.92) than for the high-risk paternal case (2.25) or high-risk maternal case (2.42) (P < 0.0001). The score was not influenced by session length, medical specialty, or physician gender. Physicians more consistently provided a moderate risk standardized patients with reassurance and support compared with the high-risk cases. Primary care physicians may be more unprepared or uneasy addressing the issues raised by more complex scenarios and may benefit from training in the assessment and communication of breast cancer risk.
    Article · Aug 2009
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Women need to be adequately informed about risk factors and risk reduction strategies for breast cancer to seek optimal primary prevention care. The aim of this study was to determine the amount and content of written information published by Belgian health services and related to primary prevention of breast cancer. We collected all available French language brochures and leaflets related to breast cancer primary prevention and analyzed which risk factors and risk reduction strategies were mentioned. Risk factors and prevention strategies were seldom mentioned. Among the 21 selected leaflets, pertinent to the patient, alcohol was mentioned in eight leaflets; age and genetic predisposition in five; overweight/obesity, personal history of breast cancer, and exercise in four; hormonal treatment in three; family history in two; earlier high-risk benign lesions in one, and ethnicity, breast density, and earlier chest radiation therapy in none. Lifestyle modifications were described in nine, but not one mentioned chemoprevention and risk reduction surgeries. As breast cancer risk reduction now represents an achievable medical objective for women, available written information to women must be improved to help them make an informed choice regarding risk reduction strategies.
    Article · Jan 2010
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In recent years, radical breast cancer surgery has been largely replaced by breast conservation treatment, due to early diagnosis and more effective adjuvant treatment. While breast conservation is mostly preferred, the trend of bilateral mastectomy has risen in the United States. The aim of this study is to determine factors influencing patients' choice for having contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM). This is a retrospective study of 373 patients diagnosed with primary invasive breast cancer who were treated by bilateral or unilateral mastectomy (BM or UM) at the Revlon/UCLA Breast Center between Jan. 2002 and Dec. 2010. In the BM group, only those with unilateral breast cancer who chose CPM were included in the analysis. When compared with the UM group, the following factors were found to be associated with BM: younger age, pre-menopausal, a family history of breast/ovarian cancer, BRCA mutation, more breast biopsies, history of breast augmentation, having MRI study within 6 months before the surgery, more likely to have reconstruction and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) and fewer had neoadjuvant/adjuvant chemotherapy/radiation. When patients with bilateral breast cancer were excluded, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated younger patients with negative nodes, SLNB as the only nodal surgery and positive family history were significant factors predicting CPM and immediate reconstruction using tissue expanders or implants. Younger age, lower TN stage, requiring only SLNB and high risk family history predict contralateral prophylactic mastectomy. Tissue expander/implant-based reconstructions were more frequently chosen by patients with BM.
    Article · Jun 2015

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