Evaluation of the Insecticidal Efficacy of Wild-Type and Recombinant Baculoviruses
Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA. Methods in Molecular Biology
(Impact Factor: 1.29).
02/2007; 388:379-404. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-59745-457-5_20
A considerable amount of work has been done during the last 20 yr to genetically enhance the efficacy of baculovirus insecticides. Following construction of a genetically altered baculovirus, laboratory bioassays are used to quantify various parameters of insecticidal activity such as the median lethal concentration (or dose) required to kill 50% of infected larvae (LC50 or LD50), median survival time of larvae infected at a fixed dose (ST50), and feeding damage incurred by infected larvae. In this chapter, protocols are described for a variety of bioassays and corresponding data analyses for assessment of the insecticidal activity or host range of baculovirus insecticides. Methods are also provided for baculovirus inoculation of larvae using a microapplicator for determining ST50 or for examining physiological effects.
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Available from: Guy Smagghe
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ABSTRACT: Building on earlier research, insect cell culture began with the successful establishment of one cell line from pupal ovarian tissue. The field has grown to the extent that now over 500 insect cell lines have been established from many insect species representing numerous insect orders and from several different tissue sources. These cell lines are used as research tools in virology, in studies of signaling mechanisms to study insect immunity, hemocyte migration, and to test hypotheses about gene expression, and in screening programs designed to discover new insecticide chemistries. Virology research is revealing fundamentally new information on virus/host cell interactions. Studies in gene expression are uncovering signal transduction pathways that are new to insect science. Research is leading to the development of high-speed screening technologies that are essential in the search for new insect pest management tools. A few insect cell lines are, in routine industrial processes, designed to produce proteins of biomedical significance. Both primary cell cultures and established lines are used in basic biological studies to reveal how insect cells work. This review is designed to briefly cover the history of insect cell culture, recount some recent advances in the field, and offer a vision of the future of insect cell culture.
Available from: Pablo Ghiringhelli
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