Polysegmental innervation of the medial paraspinal lumbar muscles

Clinic for Rheumatology, Spinal Disorders and Neuromuscular Diseases, Mediclin Seidel-Klinik, Hebelweg 4, 79435, Bad Bellingen, Germany.
European Spine Journal (Impact Factor: 2.07). 03/2008; 17(2):300-6. DOI: 10.1007/s00586-007-0529-1
Source: PubMed


A retrospective analysis was performed in a nine month period of the electrophysiological data, imaging and clinical findings of patients with monoradicular disc herniation compressing either the L5 or the S1 nerve root. The primary purpose of the analysis was to determine the distribution of pathological spontaneous activity in the medial paraspinal muscles on electromyographic examination in monoradicular L5 and S1 nerve root compression syndromes. Anatomically, the medial paraspinal muscles receive their innervation from a single root while the iliocostalis muscles and the longissimus muscle are thought to be innervated by multiple nerve roots. In the analysis, in single nerve root lesion of the L5 or S1 nerve root, electromyography of the medial paraspinal muscles revealed pathological spontaneous activity one to three vertebrae cranial to the disc herniation with extension to the opposite side of the lesion. In conclusion, the medial paraspinal muscles might be thought to be innervated by one single nerve root on anatomical studies, electrophysiologically the extension of axonal lesion signs of one single lumbar nerve root is much broader. The widespread distribution of the L5 and S1 nerve root must be taken into consideration on electromyographic examination of the medial paraspinal muscles.

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