Article

A Survey of Energy Drink Consumption Patterns Among College Students

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Nutrition Journal (Impact Factor: 2.6). 02/2007; 6(1):35. DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-6-35
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Energy drink consumption has continued to gain in popularity since the 1997 debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market. Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there has been little research regarding energy drink consumption patterns among college students in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink consumption patterns among college students, prevalence and frequency of energy drink use for six situations, namely for insufficient sleep, to increase energy (in general), while studying, driving long periods of time, drinking with alcohol while partying, and to treat a hangover, and prevalence of adverse side effects and energy drink use dose effects among college energy drink users.
Based on the responses from a 32 member college student focus group and a field test, a 19 item survey was used to assess energy drink consumption patterns of 496 randomly surveyed college students attending a state university in the Central Atlantic region of the United States.
Fifty one percent of participants (n = 253) reported consuming greater than one energy drink each month in an average month for the current semester (defined as energy drink user). The majority of users consumed energy drinks for insufficient sleep (67%), to increase energy (65%), and to drink with alcohol while partying (54%). The majority of users consumed one energy drink to treat most situations although using three or more was a common practice to drink with alcohol while partying (49%). Weekly jolt and crash episodes were experienced by 29% of users, 22% reported ever having headaches, and 19% heart palpitations from consuming energy drinks. There was a significant dose effect only for jolt and crash episodes.
Using energy drinks is a popular practice among college students for a variety of situations. Although for the majority of situations assessed, users consumed one energy drink with a reported frequency of 1 - 4 days per month, many users consumed three or more when combining with alcohol while partying. Further, side effects from consuming energy drinks are fairly common, and a significant dose effect was found with jolt and crash episodes. Future research should identify if college students recognize the amounts of caffeine that are present in the wide variety of caffeine-containing products that they are consuming, the amounts of caffeine that they are consuming in various situations, and the physical side effects associated with caffeine consumption.

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    • "Energy drinks are caffeinated beverages designed primarily to increase the consumer's physical endurance. A survey of energy drink consumption by young people revealed that 51% reported consuming at least one energy drink per month [12]. It should be noted that, although energy drinks have been sold worldwide for more than a decade, only a few published studies have examined their effects on health and well-being. "
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of energy drinks (ED) consumption on electrocardiograph (ECG) and photo plethysmograph (PPG) of several healthy human subjects are evaluated in this study. ECG recordings were performed with electrode lead set connected to MP36 (Biopac, USA) data acquisition unit. PPG recordings were also performed with pulse transducer connected to same data acquisition unit. ECG and PPG recordings were performed before and after having ED available in Bangladesh. Recordings were done with some interval of time from the instant of having ED. After consuming ED, it is observed that the R peak amplitude of ECG which is a vital part of QRS complex increases to a significant value. The maximum increment in R peak amplitude of ECG is found about 4.8% due to having ED which may give a short-term little boost of energy. This increment in R peak amplitude of ECG effectively continues up to 90 to 95 minutes approximately from the instant of being energized. A significant decrement is observed in peak to peak amplitude of PPG and heart rate (HR) due to the consumption of ED which may lead cardiac abnormality as well. Though the consumption of ED gives a short-term energy boost, it may cause any kinds of long- term cardiac diseases.
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    • "[7] [9]) use; furthermore, mixing EDs with alcohol is a well-established trend among young adults [10]. The association between ED and other drug use may be due to predisposing consumer characteristics [11]. However, potential co-ingestion raises concerns regarding exacerbation of central nervous system stimulationbased side-effects. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and aims: Despite the potential harms of mixing unregulated drugs with energy drinks (ED), research to date has primarily been focused on EDs co-ingested with alcohol. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to explore the rate of use, harms and correlates of EDs co-ingested with alcohol and other drugs among a sample of people who regularly use illicit stimulant drugs. Design and methods: In 2010, 693 Australians who regularly used ecstasy completed a 1-h interview about their past six-month ED and drug use. Results: Three-quarters of the sample (77%) had recently consumed EDs with other substances, primarily alcohol (70%) and ecstasy (57%). People who consumed ED with alcohol versus those who had consumed ED with ecstasy and with alcohol (only 8% reported only consuming ED with ecstasy) had similar profiles in regards to demographics, drug use, mental health and drug-related problems. Primary motives for consuming ED with alcohol included increased alertness (59%), the taste (25%), to party for longer (23%) and to combat fatigue (16%). One-half (52%) and one-quarter (27%) of participants who consumed EDs with alcohol and with ecstasy respectively had recently experienced adverse outcomes post-consumption, primarily headaches (24% and 11%) and heart palpitations (21% and 14%). Discussion and conclusions: Co-ingestion of EDs with licit and illicit drugs is common among people who regularly use ecstasy and related drugs. Adverse outcomes of co-ingestion suggest that targeted education regarding negative interactive drug effects is crucial for harm reduction. [Peacock A, Sindicich N, Dunn M, Whittaker E, Sutherland R, Entwistle G, Burns L, Bruno R. Co-Ingestion of Energy Drinks with Alcohol and Other Substances among a Sample of People Who Regularly Use Ecstasy. Drug Alcohol Rev 2015].
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Drug and Alcohol Review
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    • "Az eredményt összehasonlítva a nemzetközi adatokkal, azt láthatjuk, hogy eredményünk prevalenciája alacsonyabb. A nemzetközi felmérésekben a havi fogyasztási átlag magasabb, 38–51% között mozog [21] [22] [23]. A K-csoport tagjai (9,84%) azt válaszolták, hogy az elmúlt hónapban legalább egyszer fogyasztottak energiaitalt alkohollal keverve, ami alacsonyabb, mint a nemzetközi átlag [6] [7] [11] [19] [21] [23]. "

    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Orvosi Hetilap
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