The development of a new heptavalent diphtheria–tetanus–whole cell pertussis–hepatitis B–Haemophilus influenzae type b–Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A and C vaccine: a randomized dose-ranging trial of the conjugate vaccine components

Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Alabang, Muntinlupa, Philippines.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases (Impact Factor: 1.86). 05/2008; 12(3):278-88. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2007.08.007
Source: PubMed


To assess immunogenicity, antibody persistence, immune memory, and reactogenicity of a novel heptavalent DTPw-HBV/Hib-MenAC (diphtheria, tetanus, whole cell pertussis-hepatitis B virus/Haemophilus influenzae type b-Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A and C) vaccine.
This was an open, randomized study in the Philippines, with DTPw-HBV/Hib-MenAC administered at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age. Three different polysaccharide contents of the conjugate vaccine components were assessed with conjugated PRP (polyribosylribitol phosphate), MenA, and MenC polysaccharides at the following doses: 2.5 microg of each, 5 microg of each, or 2.5 microg of PRP and 5 microg each of MenA and MenC. Controls received licensed DTPw-HBV and Hib or DTPw-HBV/Hib and MenC conjugate vaccines separately. Immune memory was evaluated via plain polysaccharide challenge administered to half of the subjects at 10 months of age.
After primary vaccination, at least 97.7% of DTPw-HBV/Hib-MenAC recipients had serum bactericidal antibody (SBA)-MenA and SBA-MenC titers > or =1:8, and at least 99% had anti-PRP antibody concentrations > or =0.15 microg/ml. Immune responses to DTPw-HBV components were not impaired by the lowest dose of Hib-MenAC vaccine. Plain polysaccharide challenge induced marked increases in Hib, MenA, and MenC antibodies in primed subjects, indicative of immune memory. All of the experimental vaccines were well tolerated.
The lowest dose of DTPw-HBV/Hib-MenAC polysaccharide conjugate vaccine was well tolerated, immunogenic, had good persistence of antibodies, and demonstrated immune memory, and consequently was selected for further development.

Full-text preview

Available from:
  • Source
    • "Vaccine Study Phase Country Target group Schedule N Publication NCT00317174 Phase II Philippines Infants 6, 10, 14 weeks PS challenge at 10 months 524 217 Gatchalian et al., 2008 [59] * DTPw-HBV/Hib- MenAC ISRCTN35754083 Phase II Ghana Infants 6, 10, 14 weeks PS challenge at 12 months 280 260 Hodgson et al., 2008 [60] NCT00317161 and NCT00317187 Phase III Philippines, Thailand Infants 2, 4, 6 months 1780 Kerdpanich et al., 2008 [61] NCT00135486 and NCT00135564 Phase II Germany Infants 2, 3, 4 months PS challenge at 12–15 months 520 Schmitt et al., 2007 [70] NCT00323050 and NCT00322335 Phase III Spain Infants 2, 4, 6 months 13-14 months 237 358 Tejedor et al., 2007 [62] "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Meningococcal diseases are serious threats to global health, and new vaccines specifically tailored to meet the age-related needs of various geographical areas are required. This paper focuses on the meningococcal conjugate vaccines developed by GSK Biologicals. Two combined conjugate vaccines were developed to help protect infants and young children in countries where the incidence of meningococcal serogroup C or serogroup C and Y disease is important: Hib-MenC-TT vaccine, which offers protection against Haemophilus influenzae type b and Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C diseases, is approved in several countries; and Hib-MenCY-TT vaccine, which adds N. meningitidis serogroup Y antigen, is currently in the final stages of development. Additionally, a tetravalent conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) designed to help protect against four meningococcal serogroups is presently being evaluated for global use in all age groups. All of these vaccines were shown to be highly immunogenic and to have clinically acceptable safety profiles.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immunogenicity and safety of a novel combined Haemophilus influenzae type b-Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y-tetanus-toxoid conjugate vaccine (Hib-MenCY-TT) candidate was evaluated when co-administered with DTPa-HBV-IPV(Pediarix)+PCV7(Prevnar) at 2-4-6 months of age. Anti-PRP concentrations >or= 1.0 microg/mL were observed in 92.9-98.7%, rSBA-MenC/Y titres >or= 1:8 in >98%, rSBA-MenC/Y titres >or= 1:128 in >95.8 and >89.9% subjects. PRP and MenC responses were similar to respective controls (ActHIB and Menjugate) including for antibody persistence. Response to co-administered vaccines was not impaired. Polysaccharide challenge (PRP, PSC, PSY at 11-14 months of age) evidenced immune memory was induced for Hib, MenC/Y conjugate components. The safety profile of Hib-MenCY-TT was similar to controls. Hib-MenCY-TT administered according to the current US Hib vaccine schedule has the potential to induce protective antibodies against Hib and meningococcal-CY disease in infants and toddlers.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Vaccine
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Encapsulated bacteria are responsible for the majority of mortality among neonates and infants. The major components on the surface of these bacteria are polysaccharides which are important virulence factors. Immunity against these components protects against disease. However, most of the polysaccharides are thymus-independent (TI)-2 antigens which induce an inadequate immune response in neonates and infants. The mechanisms that are thought to play a role in the unresponsiveness of this age group to TI-2 stimuli will be discussed. The lack of immune response may be overcome by conjugating the polysaccharides to a carrier protein. This transforms bacterial polysaccharides from a TI-2 antigen into a thymus-dependent (TD) antigen, thereby inducing an immune response and immunological memory in neonates and infants. Such conjugated vaccines have been shown to be effective against the most common causes of invasive disease caused by encapsulated bacteria in neonates and children. These and several other approaches in current vaccine development will be discussed.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Show more