Beyond Dichotomy—Towards Creative Synthesis
There are two ways for overcoming limitations of methods used in psychology, as Toomela (Integr. Physiol. Behav. Sci. doi:10.1007/s12124-007-9004-0, 2007) points out. These are inventing new methods of research, and looking back into the history of methodological thought for new ideas. Though he limited the former as if it is a quantitative area and he declared to take the latter path, his paper actually advocates the need to create new methodology for understanding the human psyche through historical approach. We discuss problems of sampling and generalization in that context, and suggest a new way to creative synthesis through elaboration of qualitative methodologies. To us this direction constitutes an updated version of the German-Austrian methodology exactly as Toomela suggests.
Available from: Nikolai Veresov
- "On the other hand, as Sato (Sato et al. 2007 ) has noted, one of the defi ning features of contemporary psychological methodology is to depict a person as a mixture of many relatively independent " variables " . " Ironically speaking, human beings are viewed as if they were determined by precisely those variables in which psychologists have interest " (Sato et al. 2007 , p. 53). The real task—that of constructing a psychology that is universal while being culture inclusive and generalising while being based on careful empirical analyses of individual cases (Molenaar 2004 )—suffers (Valsiner 2009 , p. 2). "
Available from: Nikolai Veresov
- "What else could we expect in a situation when Culture was gradually reduced to Text, then to Discourse and fi nally to the Narrative, and the personality was reduced to the Agent and then to Recipient-Reagent? Psychology goes even further: as Tatsuya Sato has to note, one of the defi ning features of contemporary psychological methodology is to depict a person as a mixture of many relatively independent " variables. " " Ironically speaking, human beings are viewed as if they were determined by precisely those many variables in which psychologists have interest " (Sato et al, 2007 p. 53). More than ten years have passed since the New York Conference, and not everybody is so pessimistic about the future of our science. "
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ABSTRACT: Full text: http://ubuntuone.com/5zLmVEJJeEFNro6FooamPT
Current mainstream psychology is characterized by mismatch between questions asked and methods used to answer the questions.
There are several important and theoretically justified methodological principles that can be found in pre-WWII (mostly continental
Europe) psychology, but disappeared from current mainstream psychology. Future psychology can be built with understanding
that not everything that is new is better than the old and not everything that disappeared in the history of psychology disappeared
for rational reasons. Methodological thinking of several pre-WWII psychologists may have been far ahead of current mainstream
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