Agreement Between Parents and Children Regarding Anxiety and Depression Diagnoses in Children With Asthma
This study examined parent-child agreement regarding anxiety and depressive disorders in youth with asthma and evaluated key demographic and health differences associated with parent-child agreement. Of 756 outpatient youth with asthma, 122 (16.0%) were diagnosed with a DSM-IV anxiety or depression disorder using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (C-DISC). Parents reported on internalizing symptoms using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Logistic regression analyses were used to examine factors related to parent- and child-reported symptom agreement. Low rates of agreement (48.9%) between youth and parents regarding diagnosis of a DSM-IV anxiety or depressive disorder were found among youth with asthma. Increased agreement was associated with higher externalizing behavior score on the CBCL and more anxiety and depressive symptoms on the C-DISC. Children without behavioral problems and with less severe anxiety and depression were recognized significantly less often by their parents.