Humeral head translation decreases with muscle loading
This study was conducted to determine the effect of in vitro passive and active loading on humeral head translation during glenohumeral abduction. A shoulder simulator produced unconstrained active abduction of the humerus in 8 specimens. Loading of the supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus/teres minor, and anterior, middle, and posterior deltoid muscles was simulated by use of 4 different sets of loading ratios. Significantly greater translations of the humeral head occurred both in 3 dimensions (P < .001) and in the sagittal plane (P < .005) during passive motion when compared with active motion from 30 degrees to 70 degrees of abduction. In the sagittal plane, passive abduction experienced a resultant translation of 3.8 +/- 1.0 mm whereas the active loading ratios averaged 2.3 +/- 1.0 mm. There were no significant differences in the translations that were produced by the 4 sets of muscle-loading ratios used to achieve active motions. This study emphasizes the importance of the musculature in maintaining normal ball-and-socket kinematics of the shoulder.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.