Article

Determination of trace aluminum in biological and water samples by cloud point extraction preconcentration and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry detection

Key Laboratory of Pesticide & Chemical Biology of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, PR China.
Journal of Hazardous Materials (Impact Factor: 4.53). 07/2008; 154(1-3):1127-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.11.018
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

A cloud point extraction (CPE) method for the preconcentration of trace aluminum prior to its determination by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) has been developed. The CPE method is based on the complex of Al(III) with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolone (PMBP), and then entrapped in non-ionic surfactant Triton X-114. PMBP was used not only as chelating reagent in CPE preconcentration, but also as chemical modifier in GFAAS determination. The main factors affecting CPE efficiency, such as pH of sample solution, concentration of PMBP and Triton X-114, equilibration temperature and time, were investigated in detail. An enrichment factor of 37 was obtained for the preconcentration of Al(III) with 10 mL solution. Under the optimal conditions, the detection limit of this method for Al(III) is 0.09 ng mL(-1), and the relative standard deviation is 4.7% at 10 ng mL(-1) Al(III) level (n=7). The proposed method has been applied for determination of trace amount of aluminum in biological and water samples with satisfactory results.

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    • "Aluminum is the third most abundant element in the Earth's crust (8.1% by mass), and is a non-essential element to which humans are frequently exposed [1]. Some studies suggested that Al(III) may be accumulated in the brain via different routes (drinking water, food, and pharmaceutical formulations) and may interfere with the normal activities of the nervous system [2]. "
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    • "During recent years, interest concerning aluminum has considerably increased due to the knowledge about potential toxic effects of aluminum [6] [7]. Exposure of aluminum has been implicated in a number of human pathologies including encephalopathy/dialysis dementia, Parkinson disease and Alzheimer's disease. "
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