Trunk density profile estimates from dual X-ray absorptiometry

Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas A&M - Commerce, P.O. Box 3011, Commerce, TX 75429, USA.
Journal of Biomechanics (Impact Factor: 2.75). 02/2008; 41(4):861-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2007.10.022
Source: PubMed


Accurate body segment parameters are necessary to estimate joint loads when using biomechanical models. Geometric methods can provide individualized data for these models but the accuracy of the geometric methods depends on accurate segment density estimates. The trunk, which is important in many biomechanical models, has the largest variability in density along its length. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to: (1) develop a new method for modeling trunk density profiles based on dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and (2) develop a trunk density function for college-aged females and males that can be used in geometric methods. To this end, the density profiles of 25 females and 24 males were determined by combining the measurements from a photogrammetric method and DXA readings. A discrete Fourier transformation was then used to develop the density functions for each sex. The individual density and average density profiles compare well with the literature. There were distinct differences between the profiles of two of participants (one female and one male), and the average for their sex. It is believed that the variations in these two participants' density profiles were a result of the amount and distribution of fat they possessed. Further studies are needed to support this possibility. The new density functions eliminate the uniform density assumption associated with some geometric models thus providing more accurate trunk segment parameter estimates. In turn, more accurate moments and forces can be estimated for the kinetic analyses of certain human movements.

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