Internet-administered cognitive behavior therapy for health problems: A systematic review. Journal of Behavioural Medecine, 31, 169-177

Department of Clinical Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Journal of Behavioral Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.1). 04/2008; 31(2):169-77. DOI: 10.1007/s10865-007-9144-1
Source: PubMed


Cognitive-behavioral interventions are the most extensively researched form of psychological treatment and are increasingly offered through the Internet. Internet-based interventions may save therapist time, reduce waiting-lists, cut traveling time, and reach populations with health problems who can not easily access other more traditional forms of treatments. We conducted a systematic review of twelve randomized controlled or comparative trials. Studies were identified through systematic searches in major bibliographical databases. Three studies focused on patients suffering from pain, three on headache, and six on other health problems. The effects found for Internet interventions targeting pain were comparable to the effects found for face-to-face treatments, and the same was true for interventions aimed at headache. The other interventions also showed some effects, although effects differed across target conditions. Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral interventions are a promising addition and complement to existing treatments. The Internet will most likely assume a major role in the future delivery of cognitive-behavioral interventions to patients with health problems.

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    • "There has been differential development of interventions of different diagnoses with those for anxiety, depression, eating disorders and addictions tending to be developed earlier. There have been reported benefits to these groups but it is unclear whether these last beyond the end of treatment and it is clear that there is a relationship of size of benefit and the amount of human support provided (Arnberg et al., 2014;Cuijpers et al., 2008). Remotely delivered interventions for those with serious mental illness (schizophrenia or bipolar disorder) have been slower to develop. "

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    • "This characteristic allows it to easily integrate into software programs run on Internet servers. Many controlled studies have shown the efficacy of CBT on the Internet (iCBT) (Cuijpers et al. 2008) for chronic pain (Bender et al. 2011; Palermo et al. 2009). One study (Williams et al. 2010) compared standard care (pharmacological treatment) with iCBT but not with face-to-face conventional CBT. "
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