Lameness, athletic performance, and financial returns in yearling Thoroughbreds bought for the purpose of resale for profit
Equine Soundness Program, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610-0136, USA. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
(Impact Factor: 1.56).
02/2008; 232(1):85-90. DOI: 10.2460/javma.232.1.85
To characterize lameness during training and compare exercise variables and financial returns among yearling Thoroughbreds that were bought for the purpose of resale for profit.
40 yearling Thoroughbreds.
Horses purchased at yearling sales (summer 2004) were trained prior to resale at 2-year-olds in training sales (spring 2005). Horses were monitored daily for diagnosis and treatment of lameness during training. Selected variables, including sex, age, purchase price, lameness, distance (No. of furlongs) galloped during training, and financial returns, were compared among horses that had performance speeds (assessed at 2-year-olds in training sales) classified as fast, average, or slow.
37 of 40 horses became lame during training, most commonly because of joint injury. Eighteen of the lame horses had hind limb injuries only; 5 horses had injuries in forelimbs and hind limbs. The frequency of new cases of lameness increased as the date of the 2-year-olds in training sales approached. At the sales, 4, 21, and 15 horses were classified as fast, average, or slow, respectively; median financial return was slightly (but significantly) different among horses classified as fast ($14,000), average ($0), or slow (-$8,000).
Incidence of lameness during training in yearling horses purchased for the purpose of resale for profit was high. Lameness more commonly affected hind limbs than forelimbs and was attributable to joint injury in most horses. Financial returns differed between horses classified as fast and average or slow at the 2-year-olds in training sales.
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ABSTRACT: The population of horses in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is significantly growing with more people interested in racing, endurance and showing of horses. However, the available data on common management, nutritional and health factors that impact horse industry is limited. The goal of this study was to explore factors that impact horse sports with emphasize on management, nutrition and common diseases. A written survey was carried out between January 2006 and December 2007 that covered 69 farms located in the major regions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The majority of the farms were racing thoroughbred horses followed by racing, endurance and showing Arabian horses. The housing system was mostly individual stall, 72%, that uses sand flooring, 84%. Deworming programs were either no antiparasitic being used in 28%, equlan 28% or mixed 40%. Feeding was focused on the use of crushed barley (62%) as well as vitamin 27% and dates (12%) supplements prior to racing. Most common disease conditions were colic 85%, cough 46%, lameness 40% and dysuria 13% while least commonly reported conditions were diarrhea in 6%, EIPH 4.5%, tying up in 4.5% and pigmented urine in 4% of examined farms. These findings suggest that management and nutritional protocols are satisfactory. Further attention is required to provide the necessary veterinary care for horses suffering common diseases such as colic that can be fatal and cough and lameness that impact the performance of horses.
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