Sonography of the Clitoris

Centre d'échographie, Saint Germain en Laye, France.
Journal of Sexual Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.15). 03/2008; 5(2):413-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2007.00699.x
Source: PubMed


The prevalence of invasive procedures in diagnosing female sexual dysfunctions and pathologies is high. There is a need for a less invasive evaluation tool and medical imaging of the clitoris may be a solution. The clitoris has already been studied with nuclear magnetic resonance but there are very few sonographic 2D and 3D studies despite the fact that it is a simple, noninvasive, and inexpensive method.
This study aims at determining the feasibility of using ultrasound (US) techniques to image the clitoris in sufficient detail to permit evaluation of anatomy for possible use in study.
The ultrasounds were performed in five healthy volunteers with the Voluson GE Sonography system (GE Healthcare Ultrasound, Zipf, Austria), using one 12-MHz flat probe.
The clitoral body's diameter, the length of the raphe.
The three planes-the cross-section, sagittal section, and coronal section-were revealed making it possible to study the entire organ.
The sonography is a simple, inexpensive, noninvasive mean which might help for the evaluation of this organ.

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    • "So with erection of the body of the clitoris, there is the apparent disappearance of the glans within the prepuce (Masters and Johnson, 1966; Masters et al., 1988; Puppo, 2011a). It is said that the root of the clitoris is made of two clitoral bodies and two bulbs (Buisson et al., 2008; Foldes and Buisson 2009; Buisson, 2010). "
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    • "The clitoris consists of more than the shaft and clitoral glans. The majority of clitoral anatomy is internal, consisting primarily of two clitoral bodies and two clitoral bulbs that partially surround the vagina and form a vaulted structure above the anterior vaginal wall (O'Connell et al., 1998;2005;2008; Suh et al., 2003; Buisson et al., 2008; Foldes and Buisson, 2009). This small area appears to be erotically responsive as when Foldes and Buisson (2009) asked five women to " press with their fingers on their most pleasurable anterior vaginal area " during an ultrasound of their genitals, the ultrasound visualization of the pressing finger was near the double vaulted structure formed by the clitoral bulbs and bodies. "
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