Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation in Patients With Potentially Resectable Pancreatic Cancer
Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata-City, Osaka, Japan. Pancreas
(Impact Factor: 2.96).
01/2008; 36(1):e26-32. DOI: 10.1097/mpa.0b013e31814b229a
To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of 5-fluorouracil and low-dose cisplatin (FP)-based preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) and gemcitabine (GEM)-based PCRT in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer.
Between December 2000 and December 2004, 32 patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer were treated with PCRT. All patients received external beam radiotherapy (total dose of 40 Gy) for 4 weeks. Concurrently, chemotherapy was performed intravenously with continuous 5-fluorouracil 200 mg/m2/d and intermittent cisplatin bolus 3 to 6 mg/m2/d for 4 weeks (Arm FP-PCRT, n = 14) or weekly GEM 400 mg/m2 for 3 weeks (Arm GEM-PCRT, n = 18). The patients were restaged 3 to 4 weeks after the end of PCRT and explored for resection in cases without distant metastases.
The 3-year survival rates and median survival were 29.4% and 20.5 months for the resected patients (n = 24) and 0% and 5.5 months for unresected patients (n = 8), respectively (P < 0.0001). The 1-, 2-, 3-year survival rates and median survival were 87.5%, 62.5%, 33.3%, and 26 months for the resected patients treated with FP-PCRT and 75%, 40%, 26.7%, and 19.9 months for the resected patients treated with GEM-PCRT (respectively; P = not significant). Most of the toxicities of both regimens were slight and were in grade1 to 2. Grade 1 to 3 leukopenia (43% vs 100%) and thrombocytopenia (0% vs 39%) were significantly different between the FP-PCRT and GEM-PCRT patients.
The PCRT regimens in this article enabled selection of 24 of 32 patients for surgery and resulted in encouraging survival results and acceptable toxicities.
Available from: Ondrej Urban
- "According to the results of several non-randomized studies, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CHRT) seems to improve survival in patients with primarily unresectable locally advanced, as well as resectable pancreatic cancer, because of a higher rate of R0 resections, lower rate of nodal metastasis and of local recurrence  . Therefore, cytological confirmation of nodal spread may be helpful in selection of patients potentially benefiting from neoadjuvant CHRT. "
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ABSTRACT: It is controversial whether endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is beneficial in all patients with suspected pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to assess diagnostic yield, safety and impact of EUS-FNA on management of patients with solid pancreatic mass.
Consecutive patients undergoing EUS-FNA of solid pancreatic mass were enrolled. Gold standard for final diagnosis included histology from surgical resection. In patients without surgery, clinical evaluation methods and repeated imaging studies were used for the comparison of initial cytology and final diagnosis. Patients were followed-up prospectively focusing on subsequent treatment.
Among 207 enrolled patients, final diagnosis was malignant in 163 (78.6%) and benign in 44 (21.4%). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EUS-FNA in diagnosing pancreatic cancer were 92.6% (95% CI: 87.20-95.96), 88.6% (95% CI: 74.64-95.64) and 91.8% (95% CI: 87.24-94.81), respectively. No major and five (2.4%) minor complications occurred. Of 151 true-positive patients by EUS-FNA, 57 (37.7%) were surgically explored, of whom 28 (49.1%) underwent resection. Ten of 12 patients with false-negative cytology were explored based on detection of mass on EUS, of whom two had a delay due to false-negative cytology without curative treatment. From the whole study cohort, EUS-FNA had positive and negative impacts on subsequent management in 136 (65.7%) and 2 (0.9%) patients, respectively.
EUS-FNA provides accurate diagnosis in 92% and has positive therapeutic impact in two-thirds of patients with solid pancreatic mass. Despite negative cytology, surgical exploration is recommended in clinical suspicion for pancreatic cancer and solid mass on EUS.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "In the present study, the resected cases showed significantly higher survival rates than that of the unresected cases, where the 1 year survival rates were 87.5% and 22.4% for resected and unresected cases, respectively (P value; 0.02 and Hazard Ratio; 0.26 with 95% CI; 0.08 to 0.82). These figures are comparable to the reported series where the 1 year survival rates were 87.5% in the resected cases . "
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ABSTRACT: Almost 30% of patients with pancreatic cancer have locally advanced tumours in absence of distant metastasis. Surgical resection is often contraindicated. The combination of gemcitabine with concurrent radiation therapy is a promising new approach that is being investigated for treating patients' unresectable pancreatic cancer. This work aims at assessing the efficacy of preoperative gemcitabine based chemo-radiotherapy in increasing the resectability rate for patients' locally advanced pancreatic cancer.
From March 2006 to November 2007, 25 patients with locally advanced non metastatic pancreatic cancer were treated by preoperative gemcitabine based chemo-radiotherapy. The radiation dose was 54 Gray in 30 fractions over 6 weeks prescribed to the isocenter. Gemcitabine (300 mg/m2) was given through a 30 minute intravenous infusion. This was done 30 minutes before the radiation sitting on a weekly basis throughout the radiotherapy course.Approximately 6 weeks after the completion of chemo radiation, an evaluation was performed regarding tumour response and resectability as well as acute toxicity. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed for operable patients with surgical reconstruction.
Patients who achieved complete resection (CR) numbered 2 (8%), while those achieving partial resection (PR) totalled 11 (44%); six of these patients were considered ro be operable. Thus Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed on 8 patients (2 with CR and 6 with PR) with surgical reconstruction. Patients who had a stable disease numbered 4 (16%), and those with progressive diseases included a group of eight (32%). The postoperative 30 day mortality occurred only in one patient (12.5%). Acute toxicity of chemoradiation occurred in the form of grade I leucopoenia and thrombocytopenia. Hepatic toxicity, nausea, and vomiting were found in 8 patients (32%), 10 patients (40%) and 4 patients (16%), respectively. The postoperative 30 day mortality occurred only in 1 patient. Also, minor biliary leakage and leakage from gastrointestinal anaestomosis both occurred in a single patient. Out of the 8 patients who underwent radical surgical resection, only one developed local recurrence and simultaneous liver metastasis during the follow up period. The median survival of all patients was 12 months.
Preoperative gemcitabine based chemoradiation might benefit patients with locally advanced non metastatic pancreatic cancer by increasing the resectability without significant acute toxicity.
Available from: mj.med.u-tokai.ac.jp
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