Responsiveness of Migraine‐ACT and MIDAS Questionnaires for Assessing Migraine Therapy

CS Mendiguchía Carriche, Primary Care, Madrid, Spain.
Headache The Journal of Head and Face Pain (Impact Factor: 2.71). 10/2008; 48(9):1349-55. DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2007.01026.x
Source: PubMed


Migraine is frequently undertreated. The 4-item Migraine Assessment of Current Therapy (Migraine-ACT) questionnaire is a simple and reliable tool to identify patients requiring a change in current acute migraine treatment. Objective: To investigate the responsiveness of the Migraine-ACT tool, and compare it with that of the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) questionnaire, for patients with migraine at 1100 primary care sites in Spain.
Patients eligible for this open-label, 2-visit prospective study reported migraine for >1 year and >or=1 migraine attack per month and were new to the clinic or on follow-up care for <6 months. Validated Spanish versions of the Migraine-ACT and MIDAS questionnaires were administered, and patient satisfaction with treatment was recorded, at baseline and at 3 months.
A total of 3272 patients, 78% female, were enrolled, and 2877 (88%) returned for the 3-month visit. Investigators changed baseline migraine treatment for 72% of returning patients; 85% and 80% of these patients had improved Migraine-ACT and MIDAS scores at 3 months, respectively. Patients who reported being completely or very satisfied with migraine treatment numbered 492 (15%) at baseline and 1406 (49%) at 3 months. Migraine-ACT and MIDAS score agreement for improvement at 3 months was poor (kappa = 0.339). Both the mean MIDAS score and the distribution of Migraine-ACT scores improved over the course of 3 months; however, Migraine-ACT scores were significantly (P < .001) more sensitive (83% vs 75%) and specific (72% vs 58%) than MIDAS scores. The area under the curve in the receiver-operating characteristic analysis was significantly (P < .0001) greater for Migraine-ACT (0.82) as compared with the MIDAS (0.70) questionnaire.
These results suggest that the Migraine-ACT questionnaire can be used more reliably than the MIDAS questionnaire for detecting improvements in treatment of new and follow-up patients with migraine.

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