Berry Fruits: Compositional Elements, Biochemical Activities, and the Impact of Their Intake on Human Health, Performance, and Disease

ArticleinJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56(3):627-9 · March 2008with806 Reads
DOI: 10.1021/jf071988k · Source: PubMed
Abstract
An overwhelming body of research has now firmly established that the dietary intake of berry fruits has a positive and profound impact on human health, performance, and disease. Berry fruits, which are commercially cultivated and commonly consumed in fresh and processed forms in North America, include blackberry ( Rubus spp.), black raspberry ( Rubus occidentalis), blueberry ( Vaccinium corymbosum), cranberry (i.e., the American cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, distinct from the European cranberry, V. oxycoccus), red raspberry ( Rubus idaeus) and strawberry ( Fragaria x ananassa). Other berry fruits, which are lesser known but consumed in the traditional diets of North American tribal communities, include chokecherry ( Prunus virginiana), highbush cranberry ( Viburnum trilobum), serviceberry ( Amelanchier alnifolia), and silver buffaloberry ( Shepherdia argentea). In addition, berry fruits such as arctic bramble ( Rubus articus), bilberries ( Vaccinuim myrtillus; also known as bog whortleberries), black currant ( Ribes nigrum), boysenberries ( Rubus spp.), cloudberries ( Rubus chamaemorus), crowberries ( Empetrum nigrum, E. hermaphroditum), elderberries ( Sambucus spp.), gooseberry ( Ribes uva-crispa), lingonberries ( Vaccinium vitis-idaea), loganberry ( Rubus loganobaccus), marionberries ( Rubus spp.), Rowan berries ( Sorbus spp.), and sea buckthorn ( Hippophae rhamnoides), are also popularly consumed in other parts of the world. Recently, there has also been a surge in the consumption of exotic "berry-type" fruits such as the pomegranate ( Punica granatum), goji berries ( Lycium barbarum; also known as wolfberry), mangosteen ( Garcinia mangostana), the Brazilian açaí berry ( Euterpe oleraceae), and the Chilean maqui berry ( Aristotelia chilensis). Given the wide consumption of berry fruits and their potential impact on human health and disease, conferences and symposia that target the latest scientific research (and, of equal importance, the dissemination of this information to the general public), on the chemistry and biological and physiological functions of these "superfoods" are necessary.
    • "Berries are known to contain high levels of diverse phytochemicals, most of which are the products of phenylpropanoid pathway, such as anthocyanins, flavonols, flavanols, proanthocyanidins, ellagitannins, and phenolic acids. [3] Black raspberry extract contained the highest phenolics (965.6 ± 2.9 mg GAE/g), flavonoids (186.4 ± 1.7 mg QE/g), and proanthocyanidins (2677 ± 71.1 mg GAE/g) [Table 1]. Study by Wu et al. [14] reported protocatechuic acid as the major phenolic acid in black raspberry followed by p‑coumaric, caffeic, ferulic, and 3‑hydroxybenzoic acids. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Fruits are considered one of the richest sources of natural antioxidants. Their consumption has been linked to the prevention of oxidative stress‑induced diseases. Objective: In this study, in vitro antioxidant activities of blueberry, jackfruit, blackberry, black raspberry, red raspberry, strawberry, and California table grape extracts were evaluated. Materials and Methods: Antioxidant activities were determined by 2,2‑diphenyl‑1‑picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP), 2,2′‑azino‑bis (3‑ethylbenzothiazoline‑6‑sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide anion (O 2
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2016
    Paramita BasuCamelia MaierCamelia Maier
    • "Black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis L.), is a minor but important specialty fruit crop in the United States Pacific Northwest prized for its unique flavor and potential health benefits (Stoner et al., 2005; Seeram, 2008). Black raspberry is diploid (2n = 2x = 14) and belongs to the same subgenus (Idaeobatus) as red raspberry (R. idaeus L.), with which it can be crossed (Hellman et al., 1982). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis) is an important specialty fruit crop in the U.S. Pacific Northwest that can hybridize with the globally commercialized red raspberry (R. idaeus). Here we report a 243 Mb draft genome of black raspberry that will serve as a useful reference for the Rosaceae and Rubus fruit crops (raspberry, blackberry, and their hybrids). The black raspberry genome is largely collinear to the diploid woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) with a conserved karyotype and few notable structural rearrangements. Centromeric satellite repeats are widely dispersed across the black raspberry genome, in contrast to the tight association with the centromere observed in most plants. Among the 28,005 predicted protein-coding genes, we identified 290 very recent small-scale gene duplicates enriched for sugar metabolism, fruit development, and anthocyanin related genes which may be related to key agronomic traits during black raspberry domestication. This contrasts patterns of recent duplications in the wild woodland strawberry F. vesca, which show no patterns of enrichment, suggesting gene duplications contributed to domestication traits. Expression profiles from a fruit ripening series and roots exposed to Verticillium dahliae shed insight into fruit development and disease response, respectively. The resources presented here will expedite the development of improved black and red raspberry, blackberry and other Rubus cultivars. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · May 2016
    • "As aged population dramatically increases in these decades, more people are searching for health food supplements to improve the quality of life and prolong the life span. Recently, the traditional Chinese pharmacopoeia Lycium barbarum (Ningxia Gouqi) has been hot sold as reliable health food and dietary supplement in many other countries including North America, Caribbean countries, European, Oceania and Southeast Asia (Amagase and Nance 2008; Seeram 2008). In agreement with other laboratories, solid scientific evidence shows that the fruits of L. barbarum (wolfberry) have rich sources that protect our whole body, from the skin to the liver, from brain to the eyes and from hemodynamics to the neuro-protective effects (Zhang et al. 2015). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neuronal diseases, including retinal disorders, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injury, affect a large number of people worldwide and cause heavy social and economic burdens. Although many efforts have been made by scientists and clinicians to develop novel drug and healthcare strategies, few of them received satisfactory outcomes to date. Lycium barbarum is a traditional homology of medicine and food in Chinese medicine, with the capability to nourish the eyes, liver and kidneys. Recent studies have also explored its powerful neuro-protective effects on a number of neuronal diseases. In the current review, we collected key recent findings regarding the neuro-protective effects and mechanisms of L. barbarum derivatives, primarily its polysaccharide (LBP) , in some common diseases of the nervous system. A comprehensive comparison with currently available drugs has also been discussed. In general, LBP is a promising neuronal protector with potent ameliorative effects on key pathological events, such as oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis and cell death with minimal side effects.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2016
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