Isolated preauricular pit and tags: Is it necessary to investigate renal abnormalities and hearing impairment
We investigated the incidence and co-existence of hearing impairment and renal abnormalities in healthy children with preauricular tags and pits. Study population consists of 13,740 primary school children from routine health check. Thirty-five children with preauricular tags and pits were noted. Control group consisted of 91 patients without pits and tags, who underwent renal ultrasound and were scheduled to pediatric outpatient clinic. Urinalysis, renal ultrasound, otoacoustic emission were performed in both the groups. The prevalence of renal abnormality (1/36; 2.7%) and hearing impairment (1/36; 2.7%) in patients with preauricular tags and pits was similar to that of control group (3/91; 3.2% and 4/91; 4.3%) (P = 0.87, P = 0.64, respectively). According to our results, it is not necessary to investigate hearing or urinary abnormality in patients with preauricular tag or pit, unless there is an association of a syndrome or family history of hearing or renal impairment.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "England is 0.9%, Taiwan is 1.6-2.5%, among Asian, it occurs in 4-6% of the population and some parts of Africa it is 4-10% (4-9). In Nigeria, the prevalence was 9.3% in Ilorin, northern Nigeria. "
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ABSTRACT: Preauricular sinus abscess is a common congenital external ear disease. This abscess is usually misdiagnosed because it is commonly overlooked during physical examination. In Nigeria, the prevalence was 9.3% in Ilorin, north central Nigeria This study is to determine the distribution and clinical presentation of the preauricular sinus abscess in Ekiti, south west Nigeria.
This is a prospective hospital based study of all patients with diagnosis of preauricular sinus abscess seen in our clinic carried out between April 2008 to March 2010. Detailed clinical history, administered interviewer's assisted questionnaires full examination and. Data obtained were collated and analysed.
Preauricular sinus were noticed in 184 (4.4%) out of 4170 patients seen during the study period. Preauricular sinus abscess were noticed in 21 (11.4%) of the preauricular sinuses especially in children. Unilateral preauricular sinus abscess accounted for 90.5%. Common presenting complaints were preauricular swelling (81.0%), 90.5% with recurrent earaches, 76.2% with ear discharges. All patients had antibiotic / analgesic while 17 out of 21 (81.0%) had surgical excisions.
Preauricular sinus abscess were noticed among 11.4% of the preauricular sinuses especially in children, unilateral preauricular sinus abscess accounted for 90.5%. Common complaints were otorrhoea, earaches, and swelling and they were mostly managed surgically.
Available from: Rukshana Shroff
- "Control group only underwent ultrasonography on basis of abnormal antenatal anomaly scan , therefore rate likely to be an underestimate . Numerator in control group calculated from percentage . Unclear diagnostic standards . Firat et al . 2008 [ 2 ] Study group : 36 children with isolated PAT / PAS detected during routine primary school health check . Control group : 91 unmatched children seen in clinic for headache Cohort ( level 1b ) CAKUT detected on ultrasound scan 1 / 36 ( 2 . 8% [ 0 . 15 , 16 ] ) of study group had renal anomalies . 3 / 91 ( 3 . 3% [ 0 . 86 , 10 ) of co"
Available from: Ayala Maayan-metzger
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ABSTRACT: Our goals were to (1) study the prevalence of hearing impairment in a large cohort of infants with preauricular skin tags or ear pits and compare it with that among all other newborns participating in our universal newborn hearing screening program during the same period and (2) evaluate the effectiveness of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions as a hearing-screening tool in this population.
During the study period of 7.5 years, 68484 infants were screened for hearing impairment, of whom 637 (0.93%) had preauricular skin tags and/or ear pits. The population was divided into 3 groups: (1) a low-risk group for hearing impairment; (2) a high-risk group for hearing impairment; and (3) a very high-risk group for hearing impairment. The screening results and audiological follow-up for these infants were examined retrospectively.
A significantly higher prevalence of permanent hearing impairment was found among infants with preauricular skin tags or ear pits (8 of 1000), compared with infants without tags or pits (1.5 of 1000). In the low-risk group, the prevalence was 3.4 of 1000, compared with 0.5 of 1000 in infants with and without preauricular tags or pits, respectively. In the high-risk group, the prevalence was 77 of 1000, compared with 20 of 1000 in infants with and without preauricular tags or pits, respectively. The odds ratio for hearing impairment associated with preauricular skin tags and/or ear pits after adjusting for level of risk group was 4.9. All infants diagnosed with permanent hearing impairment, with the exception of 1 with late-onset impairment, were detected by in-hospital transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions screening.
Infants with preauricular skin tags or ear pits are at increased risk for permanent hearing impairment. Transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions were found to be an effective hearing-screening tool in this population.
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