Towards deciphering the principles underlying an mRNA recognition code
Messenger RNAs interact with a number of different molecules that determine the fate of each transcript and contribute to the overall pattern of gene expression. These interactions are governed by specific mRNA signals, which in principle could represent a special mRNA recognition 'code'. Both, small molecules and proteins demonstrate a diversity of mRNA binding modes often dependent on the structural context of the regions surrounding specific target sequences. In this review, we have highlighted recent structural studies that illustrate the diversity of recognition principles used by mRNA binders for timely and specific targeting and processing of the message.
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