Detection of coronary artery stenosis after successful percutaneous coronary intervention by dipyridamole stress portable type signal-averaged electrocardiography: A prospective study
Kurume University, Куруме, Fukuoka, JapanHeart and Vessels (Impact Factor: 2.07). 01/2008; 23(1):40-6. DOI: 10.1007/s00380-007-1010-0
In our previous studies, using portable type signalaveraged electrocardiography (portable SAECG) with dipyridamole stress we reported that patients with coronary artery disease were identified at the bedside with high sensitivity and specificity. In this study we prospectively investigated whether coronary artery stenosis after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could be detected. Standard 12-lead QRS wave SAECG was performed before and after dipyridamole stress at the bedside in 61 patients 8.0 +/- 9.4 months after successful PCI for myocardial infarction or angina pectoris (46 males and 15 females, mean age 66 +/- 12 years). The filtered QRS duration (fQRSd) before and after dipyridamole stress was determined by the multiphasic oscillation method at each lead of the standard 12 leads, and the maximal value of changes in fQRSd (MAX DeltafQRSd) among the 12 leads was determined. The positive test was defined as MAX DeltafQRSd > or =5 ms, and negative as MAX DeltafQRSd <5 ms based on our previous studies. Then selective coronary arteriography was performed. In the positive group (n = 24), 21 patients had stenosis (> or =50%) of the coronary artery and 3 did not. In the negative group (n = 37), 8 patients had stenosis and 29 did not. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive accuracy, and negative predictive accuracy for the detection of coronary artery stenosis by SAECG were 72%, 91%, 88%, and 78%, respectively. Dipyridamole stress portable SAECG is useful to detect patients with coronary artery stenosis after successful PCI.
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ABSTRACT: Recently, it has been reported that large infarcts associated with terminal QRS distortion (QRSDIS) on the admission electrocardiograms of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) may be caused by a failure to achieve thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the relationship between QRSDIS and final infarct size when TIMI grade 3 flow could be achieved by primary PCI is still unclear. Sixty-two consecutive patients with first anterior STEMI and who achieved TIMI grade 3 flow by primary PCI were classified into two groups according to the presence (Group A, n = 18) or absence (Group B, n = 44) of QRSDIS. Two weeks after the onset of acute myocardial infarction, Group A had a larger left ventricular (LV) end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) and a lower LV ejection fraction (LVEF) than Group B (LVESVI: 38 +/- 13 vs 31 +/- 12 ml/m(2), P = 0.025: LVEF: 42% +/- 10% vs 51% +/- 10%, P = 0.004). Through multivariate analysis, independent predictors of poor LV systolic function (LVEF < 40%) were determined to be the presence of QRSDIS (odds ratio 21.04, P = 0.021) and proximal left anterior descending artery occlusion (odds ratio 16.15, P = 0.033). Myocardial damage could not be reduced in patients experiencing STEMI with QRSDIS, even when TIMI grade 3 flow could be achieved by primary PCI, as much as in patients experiencing STEMI without QRSDIS.
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