The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the crude extract of the twigs of Dorstenia barteri (DBT) as well as that of four of the five flavonoids isolated from this extract. Gram-positive bacteria (six species), Gram-negative bacteria (12 species) and fungi (four species) were used. The agar disc diffusion test was used to determine the sensitivity of the tested samples while the well micro-dilution was used to determine the minimal inhibition concentrations (MIC) and the minimal microbicidal concentration (MMC) of the active samples. The results of the disc diffusion assay showed that DBT, isobavachalcone (1), and kanzonol C (4) prevented the growth of all the 22 tested microbial species. Other compounds showed selective activity. The inhibitory activity of the most active compounds namely compounds 1 and 4 was noted on 86.4% of the tested microorganisms and that of 4-hydroxylonchocarpin (3) was observed on 72.7%. This lowest MIC value of 19.06microg/ml was observed with the crude extract on seven microorganisms namely Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter aerogens, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus stearothermophilus and Candida albicans. For the tested compounds, the lowest MIC value of 0.3microg/ml (on six of the 22 organisms tested) was obtained only with compound 1, which appeared as the most active compound. This lowest MIC value (0.3microg/ml) is about 4-fold lower than that of the RA, indicating the powerful and very interesting antimicrobial potential of isobavachalcone (1). The antimicrobial activities of DBT, as well as that of compounds 1, 3, 4, amentoflavone (5) are being reported for the first time. The overall results provide promising baseline information for the potential use of the crude extracts from DBT as well as some of the isolated compounds in the treatment of bacterial and fungal infections.
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adiantum capillus veneris is a medicinally essential plant used for the treatment of diverse infectious diseases. The study of phytochemical and antimicrobial activities of the plant extracts against multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria and medically important fungi is of immense significance. Extracts from the leaves, stems, and roots of Adiantum capillus veneris were extracted with water, methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, and hexane and screened for their antimicrobial activity against ten MDR bacterial strains and five fungal strains isolated from clinical and water samples. Ash, moisture, and extractive values were determined according to standard protocols. FTIR (Fourier transform infrared Spectroscopy) studies were performed on different phytochemicals isolated from the extracts of Adiantum capillus Veneris. Phytochemical analysis showed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, steroids, and reducing sugars. Water, methanol, and ethanol extracts of leaves, stems, and roots showed significant antibacterial and antifungal activities against most of the MDR bacterial and fungal strains. This study concluded that extracts of Adiantum capillus veneris have valuable phytochemicals and significant activities against most of the MDR bacterial strains and medically important fungal strains.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · The Scientific World Journal
". This was followed by culturing on the specific media and biochemical test using API system as previously reported (Mbaveng et al., 2008). M. smegmatis was cultured on Middlebrook 7H11 agar and allowed to grow for 24 h. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate the antimycobacterial, antibacterial and antifungal activities of the methanol extract from the stem bark of Thecacoris annobonae Pax & K. Hoffm, that of aristolochic acid I (1) and other isolated compounds. The microplate alamar blue assay (MABA) and the broth microdilution method were used to determine the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal microbicidal concentration (MMC) of the above samples. The H+-ATPase-mediated proton pumping assay was used to evaluate a possible mechanism of action for both the methanol extract and aristolochic acid I. The results of the MIC determinations showed that the methanol extract and aristolochic acid I prevent the growth of all studied organisms. The results obtained in this study also showed that the methanol extract as well as aristolochic acid I inhibited the H+-ATPase activity. The overall results provided evidence that the methanol extract of T. annobonae might be a potential source of new antimicrobial drug against tuberculosis, and some bacterial and fungal diseases, but should be consumed with caution, bearing in mind that the main active component, aristolochic acid I is a potentially toxic compound.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · South African Journal of Botany
"Therefore, the activities of the vegetable as observed herein against MDR strains (with MIC comprised between 128 and 1024 μg/mL) could be considered important, especially when considering the fact that we are dealing with edible plants. Apart for the extracts of P. vulgaris and C. frutescens which did not show any MBC below 1024 μg/ml, other values further confirmed the bactericidal effect of the 8 remaining extracts as they were generally less than 4-fold greater than corresponding MIC values [82,83]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Many edible plants are used in Cameroon since ancient time to control microbial infections. This study was designed at evaluating the antibacterial activities of the methanol extracts of ten Cameroonian vegetables against a panel of twenty nine Gram negative bacteria including multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains.
The broth microdilution method was used to determine the Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) and the Minimal Bactericidal Concentrations (MBC) of the studied extracts. When chloramphenicol was used as a reference antibiotic, the MICs were also determined in the presence of Phenylalanine-Arginine β-Naphtylamide (PAβN), an efflux pumps inhibitor (EPI). The phytochemical screening of the extracts was performed using standard methods.
All tested extracts exhibited antibacterial activities, with the MIC values varying from 128 to 1024 mg/L. The studied extracts showed large spectra of action, those from L. sativa, S. edule, C. pepo and S. nigrum being active on all the 29 bacterial strains tested meanwhile those from Amaranthus hybridus, Vernonia hymenolepsis, Lactuca.carpensis and Manihot esculenta were active on 96.55% of the strains used. The plant extracts were assessed for the presence of large classes of secondary metabolites: alkaloids, anthocyanins, anthraquinones, flavonoids, phenols, saponins, steroids, tannins and triterpenes. Each studied plant extract was found to contain compounds belonging to at least two of the above mentioned classes.
These results confirm the traditional claims and provide promising baseline information for the potential use of the tested vegetables in the fight against bacterial infections involving MDR phenotypes.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine