Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations with a backward-forward trajectories sampling for multidimensional infrared spectroscopy of molecular vibrational modes

Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyoku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.
The Journal of Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 2.95). 03/2008; 128(6):064511. DOI: 10.1063/1.2828189
Source: PubMed


A full molecular dynamics (MD) simulation approach to calculate multidimensional third-order infrared (IR) signals of molecular vibrational modes is proposed. Third-order IR spectroscopy involves three-time intervals between three excitation and one probe pulses. The nonequilibrium MD (NEMD) simulation allows us to calculate molecular dipoles from nonequilibrium MD trajectories for different pulse configurations and sequences. While the conventional NEMD approach utilizes MD trajectories started from the initial equilibrium state, our approach does from the intermediate state of the third-order optical process, which leads to the doorway-window decomposition of nonlinear response functions. The decomposition is made before the second pump excitation for a two-dimensional case of IR photon echo measurement, while it is made after the second pump excitation for a three-dimensional case of three-pulse IR photon echo measurement. We show that the three-dimensional IR signals are efficiently calculated by using the MD trajectories backward and forward in time for the doorway and window functions, respectively. We examined the capability of the present approach by evaluating the signals of two- and three-dimensional IR vibrational spectroscopies for liquid hydrogen fluoride. The calculated signals might be explained by anharmonic Brownian model with the linear-linear and square-linear system-bath couplings which was used to discuss the inhomogeneous broadening and dephasing mechanism of vibrational motions. The predicted intermolecular librational spectra clearly reveal the unusually narrow inhomogeneous linewidth due to the one-dimensional character of HF molecule and the strong hydrogen bond network.

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Available from: Yoshitaka Tanimura
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    • "As a result, the application of AIMD simulations has been limited to computing the static vibrational spectra of water and solutes in water [31] [32] [33] [34] [35]. On the other hand, some pioneering classical force-field nonequilibrium MD (NEMD) simulations have succeeded in computing the vibrational dynamics followed by the vibrational excitation by tracing the excess kinetic energy relaxation [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] as well as the electrostatic mapping technique [47]; however, they may present a biased view as they do not account for the anharmonicity and delocalization of the vibrational modes from electronic structure theory, which is, in particular, critical for the O-H stretch mode in bulk H 2 O. "
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