Reduced hGC-1 Protein Expression Is Associated with Malignant Progression of Colon Carcinoma

ArticleinClinical Cancer Research 14(4):1041-9 · March 2008with9 Reads
Impact Factor: 8.72 · DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-4125 · Source: PubMed


    hGC-1 (human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-stimulated clone 1) is a gastrointestinal protein that is a member of the olfactomedin glycoprotein family. Its biological function remains poorly understood. Aberrant expression of hGC-1 in some human carcinomas has been recently reported. The purpose of this study was to examine hGC-1 expression in colon carcinoma and explore the relationship between hGC-1 expression and the clinicopathologic features of patients with colon cancer.
    The expression of hGC-1 in colon adenocarcinoma tissues was examined by dot-blot analysis, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry. The association of hGC-1 expression pattern with patient differentiation grade, tumor stage, metastasis, and survival were examined. To further investigate the involvement of hGC-1 in colon cancer progression, human colon carcinoma (HT-29) cells overexpressing hGC-1 were established and cell proliferation, adhesion, and migration were studied.
    Compared with normal colon mucosa, the up-regulation of hGC-1 was more frequently detected in more differentiated colon cancers, whereas down-regulation or no expression was associated with poorly differentiated colon cancers. Interestingly, hGC-1 down-regulation was also found in late tumor-node-metastasis stage, metastasis, and in patients with shorter survival. The morphology and cortical actin distribution of HT-29 cells were altered by hGC-1 overexpression. However, this did not change cell proliferation, but decreased cell adhesion and migration.
    Our findings indicate that hGC-1 is involved in colon cancer adhesion and metastasis, and that hGC-1 may be a useful marker for tumor differentiation and progression of human colon carcinoma.