A Pilot Study of Sensation-Focused Intensive Treatment for Panic Disorder With Moderate to Severe Agoraphobia: Preliminary Outcome and Benchmarking Data
MA, Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, Boston University, Botson, MA 02215, USA.Behavior modification (Impact Factor: 2.23). 04/2008; 32(2):196-214. DOI: 10.1177/0145445507309019
This report presents results of a treatment for panic disorder with moderate to severe agoraphobia (PDA-MS) called sensation-focused intensive treatment (SFIT). SFIT is an 8-day intensive treatment that combines features of cognitive- behavioral treatment for panic disorder, such as interoceptive exposure and cognitive restructuring with ungraded situational exposure. SFIT focuses on feared physical sensations as well as agoraphobic avoidance. Preliminary data support the utility of SFIT in improving PDA-MS. The goal of this exploratory study was to further investigate the effectiveness of SFIT and evaluate factors related to treatment outcome, including severity of panic symptoms, gender, comorbidity, self-efficacy, and place of residence (local vs. remote). SFIT was found to be effective in decreasing panic symptoms from pre- to posttreatment, with treatment gains maintained at follow-up. The implications of these findings for the treatment of PDA are discussed.