Article

Niche dynamics in space and time. Trends Ecol Evol

University of Lausanne, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Trends in Ecology & Evolution (Impact Factor: 16.2). 04/2008; 23(3):149-58. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2007.11.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Niche conservatism, the tendency of a species niche to remain unchanged over time, is often assumed when discussing, explaining or predicting biogeographical patterns. Unfortunately, there has been no basis for predicting niche dynamics over relevant timescales, from tens to a few hundreds of years. The recent application of species distribution models (SDMs) and phylogenetic methods to analysis of niche characteristics has provided insight to niche dynamics. Niche shifts and conservatism have both occurred within the last 100 years, with recent speciation events, and deep within clades of species. There is increasing evidence that coordinated application of these methods can help to identify species which likely fulfill one key assumption in the predictive application of SDMs: an unchanging niche. This will improve confidence in SDM-based predictions of the impacts of climate change and species invasions on species distributions and biodiversity.

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Available from: Peter B Pearman
    • "However, the relative importance of these factors during diversification remains largely unknown. The integration of ecological modeling and biogeographic and phylogenetic analyses allows for comparative analyses of niche evolution across broad spatial scales, which can provide insight into the relationship between ecological differentiation and diversification across large taxonomic groups181920. The fish family Poeciliidae has risen as a prominent model for investigating phenotypic evolution and speciation in response to sexual selection[21,22]. "
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    • "However, climate is not the only driver of species distribution and the same species can have various environmental requirements within its distributional range (Diekmann & Lawesson, 1999, Coudun & Gégout, 2005). These distributional differences are mostly driven by interactions with other species and local adaptations leading to spatial and temporal heterogeneity in realized species niche (Silvertown, 2004; Pearman et al., 2008). "
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    • "Environmental drivers of megafaunal extinctions Nogués-Bravo et al. 2008, Varela et al. 2010, Lorenzen et al. 2012 Species invasions Dudei & Stigall 2010, Malizia & Stigall 2011 Speciation and extinction patterns Maguire & Stigall 2009, Stigall 2013 Survival risk Stigall Rode & Lieberman 2005 Niche stability Martinéz Meyer et al. 2004, Pearman et al. 2008a, Veloz et al. 2012, Worth et al. 2014 Niche conservatism Peterson & Nyári 2007, Rodríguez-Sánchez & Arroyo 2008 Assemblage: used interchangeably with community to indicate a group comprising multiple species from a particular place and time Niche stability: a species niche space remains similar through ecological or evolutionary time and paleoclimatic data with observations of, for example, species traits, phylogeny, or gene frequencies (e.g., Lorenzen et al. 2012, Fordham et al. 2014, Metcalf et al. 2014). "
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    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics
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