Article

Intersection of Child Abuse and Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence

School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA.
Trauma Violence & Abuse (Impact Factor: 3.27). 05/2008; 9(2):84-99. DOI: 10.1177/1524838008314797
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

This review addresses research on the overlap in physical child abuse and domestic violence, the prediction of child outcomes, and resilience in children exposed to family violence. The authors explore current findings on the intersection of physical child abuse and domestic violence within the context of other risk factors, including community violence and related family and environmental stressors. Evidence from the studies reviewed suggests considerable overlap, compounding effects, and possible gender differences in outcomes of violence exposure. The data indicate a need to apply a broad conceptualization of risk to the study of family violence and its effects on children. Further testing of competing theoretical models will advance understanding of the pathways through which exposure leads to later problems in youth, as well as protective factors and processes through which resilience unfolds.

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Available from: Todd I Herrenkohl
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    • "Further, one study found that affiliation with prosocial friends was protective against perpetration of violent behavior (Prinstein et al. 2001). Further work is needed in this area, especially given that social development models highlight the role of prosocial friends in promoting resilient outcomes (Herrenkohl et al. 2008). Though prior studies typically have assessed either antisocial friends or prosocial friends, it is very likely that adolescents are not quite that unidimensional in their friendships. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated whether having friends who engaged in more prosocial than antisocial behaviors buffered the associations between family-of-origin aggression and later victimization. Adolescent participants (N = 125) and their parents reported on different types of family aggression in early adolescence. Approximately 5 years later, adolescents reported on their victimization experiences with dating partners and friends, and their friends’ prosocial and antisocial behaviors. Only father-to-child aggression was significantly associated with dating and friend victimization, with stronger risk for females’ dating victimization. Moreover, having friends who engaged in more prosocial than antisocial behaviors had both a direct inverse relationship with dating partner victimization. This also buffered the risk for dating victimization associated with father-daughter aggression. Findings suggest that greater attention be paid to the father-daughter relationship and to the importance of having friends who engage in prosocial behaviors in the prevention of adolescents’ victimization.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
    • "En parallèle, la maltraitance physique, psychologique et les abus sexuels chroniques sont particulièrement associés chez le parent à un faible niveau intellectuel, des violences domestiques, un faible niveau d'étude, la monoparentalité, des traits impulsifs et antisociaux, la présence d'un ou plusieurs troubles mentaux (i.e. trouble de personnalité, trouble anxieux, trouble dépressif, trouble d'utilisation de substances), une faible estime de soi, à des dispositions hostiles envers l'enfant, ou bien à des attentes démesurées inconciliables avec l'âge développemental de ce dernier (Bailey, DeOliveira, Wolfe, Evans, & Hartwick, 2012 ;Hengartner, Müller, Rodgers, Rössler, & Ajdacic-Gross, 2013 ;Herrenkohl et al., 2008 ;Pajer et al., 2014 ;Sidebotham & Golding, 2001). Aussi, des études démontrent que le sexe du parent constituerait une variable prédictive de la nature des sévices : les femmes sont davantage impliquées dans les cas de punitions physiques sévères ou déraisonnables, tandis que les hommes seraient en plus forte proportion responsables de blessures potentiellement mortelles, de fractures ou d'abus sexuels (Ferrari, 2002 ;Krug et al., 2002). "
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    ABSTRACT: Literature review on clinical issues with parents at risk of child abuse: targeting the generational factor? The prevalence of child abuse is higher in families with psychosocial vulnerabilities or when one or both parents experienced abuse or neglect during childhood. While the most widespread intervention approaches in Canada (e.g. material support or parenting skills programs) show mixed results in providing changes in mistreatment cycles, we examine clinical practice focused on generational repetition of trauma. In order to explore this topic, this paper has 4 objectives and will be supported by a narrative review of the literature: 1) to document the causalities of child maltreatment; 2) to identify the clinical challenges of struggling parents; 3) to develop a critical analysis of the intervention programs commonly spread in Canada; 4) to take into account multifaceted vulnerabilities of these families through innovative practice perspectives.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Pratiques Psychologiques
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    • "In fact, a strong relationship with a caring parent, usually the mother, has been identified as a protective factor in a number of studies (Herrenkohl et al., 2008; Holt, et al., 2008; Schultz, et al., 2013; Skopp, McDonald, Jouriles, & Rosenfield, 2007). Levendosky and Graham-Bermann (1998) studied the effects of parental stress on children in a sample of 60 abused and sheltered compared to 61 women in the community (one third of which unexpectedly reported IPV). "
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    DESCRIPTION: Reviews research on children exposed to intimate partner violence and group treatment for children and youth. Examines published research on such groups reviewing possible methods and measures to use to evaluate group programs for children exposed.
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