Cohesin-dockerin Interactions within and between Clostridium josui and Clostridium thermocellum

Faculty of Bioresources, Mie University, Tu, Mie, Japan
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.57). 04/2004; 279(11):9867-74. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M308673200
Source: PubMed


The cellulosome components are assembled into the cellulosome complex by the interaction between one of the repeated cohesin domains of a scaffolding protein and the dockerin domain of an enzyme component. We prepared five recombinant cohesin polypeptides of the Clostridium thermocellum scaffolding protein CipA, two dockerin polypeptides of C. thermocellum Xyn11A and Xyn10C, four cohesin polypeptides of Clostridium josui CipA, and two dockerin polypeptides of C. josui Aga27A and Cel8A, and qualitatively and quantitatively examined the cohesin-dockerin interactions within C. thermocellum and C. josui, respectively, and the species specificity of the cohesin-dockerin interactions between these two bacteria. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis indicated that there was a certain selectivity, with a maximal 34-fold difference in the K(D) values, in the cohesin-dockerin interactions within a combination of C. josui, although this was not detected by qualitative analysis. Affinity blotting analysis suggested that there was at least one exception to the species specificity in the cohesin-dockerin interactions, although species specificity was generally conserved among the cohesin and dockerin polypeptides from C. thermocellum and C. josui, i.e. the dockerin polypeptides of C. thermocellum Xyn11A exceptionally bound to the cohesin polypeptides from C. josui CipA. SPR analysis confirmed this exceptional binding. We discuss the relationship between the species specificity of the cohesin-dockerin binding and the conserved amino acid residues in the dockerin domains.

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    • "The dockerin module of C. thermocellum Xyn11A is another exception to the species specificity usually observed between C. thermocellum and C. josui. Jindou et al. (2004) showed that the Xyn11A dockerin has "
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    ABSTRACT: Clostridial cellulosomes are cellulolytic complexes that are formed by highly specific interactions between one of the repeated cohesin modules present in the scaffolding protein and a dockerin module of the catalytic components. Although Clostridium thermocellum Xyn11A dockerin has a typical C. thermocellum dockerin sequence, in which two amino acid residues are species specifically conserved within the two segments of the dockerin modules, it can recognize Clostridium josui cohesin modules in a non-species-specific manner. The importance of these two conserved amino acids, which are part of the recognition site of the cohesin and dockerin interaction, was investigated by introducing mutations into the first and/or the second segments of the Xyn11A dockerin. Mutations in the first segment did not affect the interactions between dockerin and C. thermocellum and C. josui cohesins. However, mutations in the second segment prevented binding to cohesin proteins. A second round of mutations within the first segment re-established the affinity for both the C. thermocellum and the C. josui cohesins. However, this was not observed for a 'conventional' dockerin, Xyn10C. These results suggest that the combination of the first and second dockerin segments is important for the target recognition.
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