HPLC-ESI-MS/MS validated method for simultaneous quantification of zopiclone and its metabolites, N-desmethyl zopiclone and zopiclone-N-oxide in human plasma

Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380009, India.
Journal of Chromatography B (Impact Factor: 2.73). 03/2008; 864(1-2):137-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.02.004
Source: PubMed


A simple, selective and sensitive isocratic HPLC method with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry detection has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of zopiclone and its metabolites in human plasma. The analytes were extracted using solid phase extraction, separated on Symmetry shield RP8 column (150 mm x 4.6 mm i.d., 3.5 microm particle size) and detected by tandem mass spectrometry with a turbo ion spray interface. Metaxalone was used as an internal standard. The method had a chromatographic run time of 4.5 min and linear calibration curves over the concentration range of 0.5-150 ng/mL for both zopiclone and N-desmethyl zopiclone and 1-150 ng/mL for zopiclone-N-oxide. The intra-batch and inter-batch accuracy and precision evaluated at lower limit of quantification and quality control levels were within 89.5-109.1% and 3.0-14.7%, respectively, for all the analytes. The recoveries calculated for the analytes and internal standard were > or = 90% from spiked plasma samples. The validated method was successfully employed for a comparative bioavailability study after oral administration of 7.5 mg zopiclone (test and reference) to 16 healthy volunteers under fasted condition.

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