Article

Food safety evaluation of broccoli and radish sprouts

Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales (CSIC), Madrid, Spain.
Food and Chemical Toxicology (Impact Factor: 2.9). 06/2008; 46(5):1635-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2008.01.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Three cultivars of broccoli seeds (Brassica oleracea var. italica), cv. Tiburon, cv. Belstar and cv. Lucky, and two cultivars of radish seeds (Raphanus sativus), cv. Rebel and cv. Bolide, were germinated for three and five days and safety aspects such as microbiological counts and biogenic amines were investigated. Cytotoxicity evaluation was also carried out. Broccoli and radish sprouts contained numbers of mesophilic, psychrotrophic, total and faecal coliform bacteria which are the usual counts for minimally processed germinated seeds. Putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, spermidine and spermine increased during sprout production although these levels were below those permitted by legislation (5 mg/100 g of edible food). Broccoli and radish sprouts demonstrated no toxic effects on proliferation and viability of HL-60 cells and should be included in our diets as healthy and safe fresh foods.

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Available from: Cristina Martinez-Villaluenga
    • "Brassica sprouts, in particular broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) sprouts, contain substantial amount of antioxidants, vitamin C and health-promoting compounds such as glucosinolates and phenolic compounds (Fahey et al., 1997; Martínez-Villaluenga et al., 2008; Yuan et al., 2010). "
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    • "Brassica sprouts, in particular broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) and radish (Raphanus sativus L.) sprouts, contain substantial amount of antioxidants, vitamin C and health-promoting compounds such as glucosinolates and phenolic compounds (Barillari et al., 2005; Ciska, Honke, & Kozlowska, 2008; Fahey, Zhang, & Talalay, 1997; Martinez-Villaluenga, Frias, Gulewicz, Gulewicz, & Vidal-Valverde, 2008). It has been reported that radish sprouts have anticancer and antioxidant activities both in vivo and in vitro (Barillari et al., 2008; Ippoushi, Takeuchi, Ito, Horie, & Azuma, 2007; Papi et al., 2008). "
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