Status report of stable and radioactive ion beam production at GANIL
GANIL (Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds), Bvd Henry Becquerel, BP 55027, Caen Cedex 5, France.Review of Scientific Instruments (Impact Factor: 1.61). 03/2008; 79(2 Pt 2):02A309. DOI: 10.1063/1.2801677
GANIL has been producing many stable and radioactive ion beams for nearly 25 years. Constant progresses have been made in terms of intensity, stability, and reliability. The intensity for some stable metallic beams now exceeds or approaches the p microA level at an energy up to 95 MeV/u, e.g., 1.14 p microA for (36)S (65% enriched) at 77 MeV/u, 0.35 p microA for (58)Ni (63% enriched) at 74 MeV/u. Some recent results with Magnesocene using the metallic ions from volatile compounds method should also make possible the production of metallic beams with an intensity greater than 1 p microA. This has still to be measured. The ISOL facility SPIRAL I has been in operation for almost six years. Up to now, 17 exotic He experiments have been done with 14 target/ion-source (TIS) units; 19 other experiments (with O, Ne, Ar, and Kr) have been achieved with 14 TISs. Statistics show a fairly good ratio of available beam time to scheduled beam time. The radioactive beams and available intensities are compiled in this report. Future developments on radioactive ion beam production are briefly presented, while more details will be discussed elsewhere at this conference.
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ABSTRACT: In the frame of the SPIRAL II (Système de Production d'Ions Radioactifs Accélérés en Ligne Partie II) project, several developments of stable and radioactive ion production systems have been started up. In parallel, GANIL has the ambition to preserve the existing stable and radioactive beams and also to increase its range by offering new ones. In order to identify the best directions for this development, a new group called GANISOL has been formed. Its preliminary conclusions and the latest developments at GANIL are presented.
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ABSTRACT: A hexapole magnet for a 14.5 GHz electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source, where the maximum radial field on the wall of the plasma chamber is higher than 1.1 T, has been designed and fabricated. The size of the outer diameter and the number of the sector of the hexapole are optimized for a 14.5 GHz ECR ion source with the help of a three-dimensional field calculation code. Moreover, to make a strong and long-life magnet against the demagnetic field on the hexapole multilayered structure in radial and axial directions is considered in the design. The distributions of the demagnetic fields are estimated by the calculation of the radial field in a hexapole magnet and the axial field from the solenoid coils. Proper grades of magnetic materials depending on the strength of the demagnetic field are applied for the different layers. The magnetic fields of the measured and calculated ones have been compared.
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