Incidence and Risk Factors for Hospital-acquired Pneumonia After Surgery for Gastric Cancer: Results of Prospective Surveillance
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery and Pediatric Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174, Edobashi, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan. World Journal of Surgery
(Impact Factor: 2.64).
07/2008; 32(6):1045-50. DOI: 10.1007/s00268-008-9534-8
Postoperative hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is recognized as a major risk associated with surgery. Although upper abdominal surgery is known to have the highest incidence of postoperative HAP, little is known about the risk factors that contribute to HAP after gastric cancer surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for HAP after elective surgery for gastric cancer.
We conducted prospective surveillance of all elective gastric resections by surgeons in ten affiliated hospitals, including ours, from May 2001 to May 2005. The outcome of interest was postoperative HAP. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the predictive significance of variables in gastric cancer surgery.
A total of 529 patients undergoing elective operations for gastric cancer were admitted to the program. Postoperative HAP was identified in 20 patients (3.6%). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that male gender and intra- and/or postoperative blood transfusion were independently predictive of postoperative HAP.
Male gender and intra- and/or postoperative blood transfusion were independent risk factors for the development of HAP after elective resection of gastric cancer. Surgeons should keep these risk factors in mind when managing postoperative patients.
Available from: Marzena Lenart
- "Direct comparison of different studies was not always possible because complication types and data collection were not uniform [18–20]. The main risk factors reported in the literature are: the extent of lymphadenectomy, splenectomy, tumor size, age, comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, malnutrition, and preoperative blood loss [1, 12, 13, 16, 17, 21–23]. "
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ABSTRACT: Despite progress in surgical techniques and perioperative care, gastrectomy remains a procedure of significant morbidity. Several scoring systems and clinical measures have been adopted to predict postoperative complications in gastric cancer patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether high serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the early postoperative period may be a prognostic factor of postoperative morbidity.
A group of 99 consecutive patients with resectable gastric cancer were enrolled. The mean age was 62.9 years and the male/female ratio was 72:27. Subtotal gastric resection was performed in 22 patients and total gastric resection in 77. The IL-6 serum level was measured on the 1st postoperative day (POD).
Complications were recorded in 28 patients (28.3%). The observed case-fatality rate was 3.03%. An IL-6 serum level of >288.7 pg/ml on the 1st POD in univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models was an independent prognostic factor for overall complications and infective complications.
Our study showed an association between perioperative IL-6 serum levels and postoperative morbidity in gastric cancer patients. The IL-6 serum level on the 1st POD was shown to be an independent prognostic factor for both overall complications and infective complications.
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ABSTRACT: To identify rapidly modifiable risk factors that would improve surgical outcomes in elderly patients undergoing emergent colorectal procedures who are at high risk for morbidity and mortality.
Retrospective review. Patients were identified on the basis of Current Procedural Terminology codes and admission through the emergency department. Medical records were reviewed and data were abstracted for comorbidities, procedural details, and in-hospital morbidity and mortality.
University tertiary referral center.
Two hundred ninety-two patients 65 years or older undergoing emergency colorectal procedures from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2006.
Postoperative morbidity (intensive care unit days, ventilator days, pneumonia, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, myocardial infarction, and cerebrovascular accident) and mortality.
The most frequent presenting diagnoses were obstructing or perforated colorectal carcinoma (30%) and perforated diverticulitis (25%). Average age at presentation was 78.1 years, and in-hospital mortality was 15%. One hundred one patients (35%) experienced a total of 195 complications. Pneumonia (25%), persistent or recurrent respiratory failure (15%), and myocardial infarction (12%) were the most frequent complications. Operative time, shock, renal insufficiency, and significant intra-abdominal contamination or frank peritonitis were associated with morbidity. Age, septic shock at presentation, large estimated intraoperative blood loss, delay to operation, and development of a complication were associated with in-hospital mortality.
Emergent colorectal procedures in the elderly are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Minimizing the delay to definitive operative care may improve outcomes. These procedures frequently involve locally advanced colorectal cancer, emphasizing the need for improved colorectal cancer screening.
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ABSTRACT: Predicting models of operative morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population are important in the prevention of adverse surgical outcomes.
A retrospective review of medical records was performed for patients over 80 years of age who underwent gastrointestinal surgery from 1998 to 2008.
215 patients were identified with a mean age of 83.7 years. Overall morbidity and mortality rates were 48.8 and 14.4%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that serum albumin levels [odds ratio (OR) = 0.367, p = 0.0267], postoperative pneumonia (OR = 3.471, p = 0.0101), hollow organ perforation or anastomosis combined with leakage (OR = 7.600, p = 0.0126), and preoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome (OR = 3.186, p = 0.0323) were significant predictors of hospital mortality. Moreover, albumin (OR = 0.270, p = 0.0002) and physical disability (OR = 3.802, p = 0.0009) were significant predictors of postoperative pneumonia, and albumin (OR = 0.491, p = 0.0212) and enterotomy (OR = 3.335, p = 0.0208) were significant predictors of surgical site infections.
This study provides novel predicting models to identify the elderly surgical patients at high risk, who should receive more intensive preventive and perioperative care.
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