A Role for TNF Receptor Type II in Leukocyte Infiltration into the Lung during Experimental Idiopathic Pneumonia Syndrome

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.4). 04/2008; 14(4):385-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2008.01.004
Source: PubMed


Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) is a frequently fatal complication following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Experimental models have revealed that TNF-alpha contributes to pulmonary vascular endothelial cell (EC) apoptosis, and modulates the infiltration of donor leukocytes into the lung parenchyma. The inflammatory effects of TNF-alpha are mediated by signaling through the type I (TNFRI) or type II (TNFRII) TNF receptors. We investigated the relative contribution of TNFRI and TNFRII to leukocyte infiltration into the lung following allo-SCT by using established murine models. Wild-type (wt) B6 mice or B6 animals deficient in either TNFRI or TNFRII were lethally irradiated and received SCT from allogeneic (LP/J) or syngeneic (B6) donors. At week 5 following SCT, the severity of IPS was significantly reduced in TNFRII-/- recipients compared to wt controls, but no effect was observed in TNFRI-/- animals. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) levels of RANTES and pulmonary ICAM-1 expression in TNFRII-/- recipients were also reduced, and correlated with a reduction of CD8(+) cells in the lung. Pulmonary inflammation was also decreased in TNFRII-/- mice using an isolated MHC class I disparate model (bm1 --> B6), and in bm1 wt mice transplanted with B6 TNF-alpha-/- donor cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate a role for TNF-alpha signaling through TNFRII in leukocyte infiltration into the lung following allo-SCT, and suggest that disruption of the TNF-alpha:TNFRII pathway may be an effective tool to prevent or treat IPS.

Download full-text


Available from: Elizabeth M. Pierce
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surfactant protein A (SP-A), a collectin associated with surfactant lipids, can have immune modulatory effects. We hypothesized that exogenous and basal endogenous SP-A can function to suppress donor T-cell-dependent inflammation that occurs during the generation of idiopathic pneumonia syndrome after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Wild-type and SP-A-deficient mice were conditioned with cyclophosphamide and lethal irradiation and then given allogeneic donor bone marrow plus inflammation-inducing spleen T cells. On Day 7 after BMT, bronchoalveolar lavage fluids from SP-A-deficient mice contained increased numbers of inflammatory cells and higher levels of proinflammatory mediators tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, and nitric oxide than wild-type mice. Exaggerated inflammation in SP-A-deficient mice was associated with decreased dynamic lung compliance and increased donor T-cell-dependent mortality (P = 0.0007, n = 10). Nitrative stress in alveolar macrophages from SP-A(-/-)-conditioned BMT recipients was higher than for SP-A(+/+) mice. Similarly, mice treated with transtracheal human SP-A (50 micro g), instilled on Day 4 after BMT during a time of in vivo donor T cell activation, exhibited decreased inflammation and improved early survival compared with buffer-instilled mice. We concluded that basal endogenous SP-A and enhanced alveolar SP-A level modulate donor T-cell-dependent immune responses and prolong survival after allogeneic BMT.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2002 · American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) refers to a diffuse, noninfectious, acute lung injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Historically, IPS is associated with respiratory failure and mortality rates exceeding 50%. Preclinical studies have implicated tumor necrosis factor-alpha as an important effector molecule in the development of disease. We studied the tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor, etanercept, combined with corticosteroids in treating 15 patients (median age, 18 years; range, 1-60 years) with IPS. Eight of 15 patients required mechanical ventilation at therapy onset. Etanercept was administered subcutaneously at a dose of 0.4 mg/kg (maximum 25 mg) twice weekly, for a maximum of 8 doses. Therapy was well tolerated with no infectious pulmonary complications noted. Ten of 15 patients had a complete response, defined as the ability to discontinue supplemental oxygen support during study therapy. The median time to complete response was 7 days (range, 3-18 days), with a day 28 survival of 73%. IPS onset was associated with elevations of several inflammatory proteins in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and plasma, and response to therapy correlated with reductions in pulmonary and systemic inflammation. The combination of etanercept and corticosteroids is safe and is associated with high response rates and improved survival in patients with IPS.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Blood
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Children's Oncology Group conducted this phase II study to assess the efficacy and toxicity of gemcitabine and vinorelbine (GV) in pediatric patients with heavily pretreated relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's disease. Both agents have significant single-agent response rates in this setting. GV was given on days 1 and 8 of each 21-day treatment cycle: vinorelbine 25 mg/m(2)/dose administered via intravenous (IV) push before gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2)/dose IV over 100 minutes. Any patients who demonstrated a measurable response (complete response [CR], very good partial response [VGPR], or partial response [PR]) were considered to have experienced a response to GV. Response was evaluated after every two cycles. A two-stage minimax rule was used to test the null hypothesis that the response rate is <or= 40% against an alternative hypothesis of a response rate more than 65%. Thirty eligible patients with a median age of 17.7 years (range, 10.7 to 29.4 years) were enrolled. All patients had received at least two prior chemotherapy regimens, and 17 patients had undergone prior autologous stem-cell transplantation. Hematologic toxicity was predominant in all treatment cycles. Nonhematologic grade 3 to 4 toxicity, including elevated hepatic enzymes and hyperbilirubinemia, was less common. Pericardial and pleural effusions developed in one patient after cycles 4 and 5 of GV, consistent with gemcitabine-induced radiation recall. There were no toxic deaths. Measurable responses were seen in 19 (76%) of 25 assessable patients (95% exact binomial CI, 55% to 91%), including six CRs, 11 VGPRs, and two PRs. GV is an effective and well-tolerated reinduction regimen for children with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin's disease.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
Show more