Asymptomatic Carotid Kinking

Section of Emergency Medicine and Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Livorno Hospital, viale Alfieri 36, 57100 Livorno, Italy.
Circulation Journal (Impact Factor: 3.94). 05/2008; 72(4):682-3. DOI: 10.1253/circj.72.682
Source: PubMed


Doppler sonography has gained considerable recognition as a noninvasive method of detecting carotid artery disease, and power Doppler sonography achieves good color-filling of all the examined vessels. Dolichoarterial disease of the internal carotid artery occurs in 10-25% of the population; these alterations are characterized by atypical elongation of the vessel, which predisposes it to tortuosity, coiling, and kinking, which is the most frequent morphologic anomaly and is characterized by sharp angulation (single and double Z-shaped). A patient with double Z-shaped angulation (kinking) of the left internal carotid artery was incidentally diagnosed in an asymptomatic state because of the broad use of these noninvasive investigations.

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Available from: Nicola Mumoli, Aug 27, 2015
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    • "Knowing the normal anatomy and also its anomalies is important in preventing these complications. A wide variety of carotid artery anomalies or anatomic variations which include aplasia, agenesis, tortuosity, hypoplasia, trifurcation, kinked, curved, anomalous origin, independent origins, nonbifurcation cervical carotid artery, and aberrant artery were reported [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]. "
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