Vardenafil in Men with Stable Statin Therapy and Dyslipidemia

Clinical Associate Professor of Family Medicine, Brown University School of Medicine, Swansea, MA, USA.
Journal of Sexual Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.15). 07/2008; 5(6):1455-67. DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00820.x
Source: PubMed


Phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors have previously been evaluated for their efficacy and safety in various clinical trials in men with erectile dysfunction (ED) with or without associated comorbidities.
This is the first prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a PDE-5 inhibitor (i.e., vardenafil) in an exclusive population of men with ED and dyslipidemia.
Three coprimary efficacy measurements (Sexual Encounter Performance [SEP]2, SEP3, International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function [IIEF-EF] domain scores) were used to assess the differential effect of vardenafil vs. placebo in this patient population. Adverse events (AEs) safety data were obtained to compare safety outcomes.
This 12-week of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 59 U.S. centers. Patients received either on-demand, flexible-dose vardenafil 10 mg (titrated to 5 mg or 20 mg based upon efficacy and safety) or placebo.
Of the 712 patients screened and entered into the study, 395 were randomized. Baseline demographics for the intent-to-treat population included: mean age, 54.4 years (+/-7.5 standard deviation [SD]); 76% Caucasian; mean body mass index (BMI), 31.7 kg/m(2) (+/-12.7 SD); 47% past/present smoker; and 42% severe ED. Aside from dyslipidemia, other comorbidities included hypertension, 61%; obesity (i.e., BMI >/= 30), 51%; and type 1 or 2 diabetes, 40%. During the 12-week treatment period, the least squares (LS) adjusted mean success rates in patients on vardenafil vs. placebo were: SEP2, 79.09% vs. 51.92%; and SEP3, 66.69% vs. 33.83% (P < 0.001). The LS adjusted mean IIEF-EF domain score for week 12 using LOCF was 21.99 in patients on vardenafil therapy vs. 14.83 in those on placebo (P < 0.001). The most commonly encountered AEs were headache and nasal congestion.
Vardenafil was demonstrated to be safe and effective for managing ED in men with ED and associated dyslipidemia. The results of this study support the role of expanded research on outcomes related to effective ED treatment and aggressive lipid control.

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    • "It has been demonstrated that statin therapy to correct lipid levels improves penile rigidity in men with ED and hypercholesterolemia. 65 There are few studies evaluating the efficacy of PDE-5 inhibitors in men with ED and dyslipidemia. A 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigated the efficacy of flexible-dose vardenafil in men with ED and dyslipidemia on stable statin therapy.28 In addition to dyslipidemia, 61% of subjects had hypertension and 40% had diabetes. "
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    ABSTRACT: Many men with erectile dysfunction (ED) also have associated underlying cardiovascular and metabolic conditions, for which they are likely to be taking medication. Therefore, cardiovascular safety and potential drug interactions are two of the major concerns when using PDE-5 inhibitors in these patients. The PDE-5 inhibitor, vardenafil, is characterized by a rapid onset of action, increased duration of erection, high rates of first-dose success and reliable efficacy that can be maintained with continued use. In both clinical trials and real-life observational studies, vardenafil has demonstrated a favorable efficacy and safety profile in men with ED, including those with associated underlying conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Importantly, the concomitant use of medication for these conditions is not associated with any noteworthy changes in the efficacy and safety of vardenafil. The evidence presented in this review supports the use of vardenafil as a first-line treatment for men with ED, including those with underlying conditions.
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    • "Hyperlipidaemia is often encountered in men with ED [12]. In a randomised, doubleblind , placebo-controlled study with 395 participants , aged 18–64 years with ED for >6 months, vardenafil was clearly superior over placebo with regard to scores of vaginal penetration and completion of intercourse [22]. A great range of studies attest to the safety of vardenafil [15] [16] [20] [21] [23]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The introduction in 1998 of the phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitors has changed the landscape of diagnosis and, in particular, the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). It has paved the road for a more profound insight into ED. ED and other ailments of elderly men, such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and lower urinary tract symptoms were usually regarded as distinct diagnostic/therapeutic entities, but there is growing evidence that they are interrelated and are factors in ED. To optimise the treatment of ED, an integral approach to the health of the ageing male is required. There is an interdependence between the metabolic syndrome, ED and patterns of testosterone in ageing men. The main features of the metabolic syndrome are abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidaemia, significant factors in the aetiology of erectile function. The metabolic syndrome is associated with lower-than-normal testosterone levels. Testosterone is a determinant of glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism. Testosterone is not only a factor in libido but also exerts essential effects on the anatomical and physiological substrate of penile erection. With these recent insights, the health problems of elderly men must be placed in a context that allows an integral approach. While PDE-5 inhibitors are the mainstay of treatment of men with ED, treatment of testosterone deficiency is becoming part and parcel of a new approach to both ED and the metabolic syndrome. The diagnostic work-up of ED should comprise measurement of plasma testosterone. If proven deficient, treatment with testosterone is indicated.
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