Transitions Into Underage and Problem Drinking: Developmental Processes and Mechanisms Between 10 and 15 Years of Age

Department of Behavioral Science and Health Education, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Room 520, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
PEDIATRICS (Impact Factor: 5.47). 05/2008; 121 Suppl 4(Supplement):S273-89. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2007-2243C
Source: PubMed


Numerous developmental changes occur across levels of personal organization (eg, changes related to puberty, brain and cognitive-affective structures and functions, and family and peer relationships) in the age period of 10 to 15 years. Furthermore, the onset and escalation of alcohol use commonly occur during this period. This article uses both animal and human studies to characterize these multilevel developmental changes. The timing of and variations in developmental changes are related to individual differences in alcohol use. It is proposed that this integrated developmental perspective serve as the foundation for subsequent efforts to prevent and to treat the causes, problems, and consequences of alcohol consumption.

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    • "Adolescents who initiate substance use early are at heightened risk for lifelong problems with addiction and mental health, including alcohol-related problems and dependence (Grant et al. 2001; Pedersen and Skrondal 1998), tobacco and illicit drug use, abuse, and dependence (McGue et al. 2001). Multiple biological (e.g., genetic, pubertal maturation, endocrine) and environmental (e.g., parenting, peer characteristics) influences have been linked to a higher likelihood of adolescent substance use (e.g., Hopfer et al. 2003; Windle et al. 2008). The focus of this study is the combined roles of pubertal maturation and parental knowledge of adolescents' whereabouts and activities for adolescent substance use initiation. "
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    ABSTRACT: Earlier pubertal development and less parental knowledge have been linked to more substance use during adolescence. The present study examines interactions between pubertal timing and tempo and parental knowledge (children's disclosure, parental control, and parental solicitation) for adolescent substance initiation. Data are from a northeastern US-based cohort-sequential study examining 1023 youth (52 % female) semiannually for up to 6 assessments (ages 10.5-19 years). The findings supported the hypothesis that lower knowledge is a contextual amplifier of early timing-substance use associations in girls and later timing/slower tempo-substance use associations in boys, though results varied based on source of knowledge. The findings suggest that prevention efforts may have the greatest impact when targeting families of early developing girls, and later developing boys, and that incorporating a focus on specific sources of knowledge depending on the pubertal maturation profile of the adolescent may prove valuable in prevention/intervention efforts.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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    • "The mesosystem refers to the interactions between key members of contexts in which adolescents participate directly. During early adolescence, the school and family environments continue to be the two dominant physical environments for youth (Windle et al., 2008). Further, peers become increasingly salient during adolescence and play an important role in normative development (e.g. Brown & Larson, 2009; Hoffman, Sussman, Unger, & Valente, 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to test the transactional relationships of risk and protective factors that influence initiation of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use among Hispanic youth. Ecodevelopmental theory was used to identify factors at multiple ecological levels with a focus on four school-level characteristics (i.e. school socioeconomic status, school climate, school acculturation, and school ethnic composition). A sample of 741 Hispanic adolescents (M age=13.9, SD=.67) and their caregivers were recruited from 18 participating middle schools in Miami-Dade County, FL. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesized ecodevelopmental model of early substance use, accounting for school clustering effects. Results provided strong support for the model (CFI=.95; RMSEA=.03). School SES was indirectly related to the likelihood of starting substance use through perceived peer use norms (β=.03, p<.02). Similarly, school climate had an indirect effect on substance use initiation through family functioning and perceptions of peer use norms (β=-.03, p<.01). Neither school ethnic composition nor school acculturation had indirect effects on initiation of substance use. Results highlight the importance of the interplay of risk and protective factors at multiple ecological levels that impact early substance use initiation. Further, findings underscore the key role of school level characteristics on the initiation of substance use and present opportunities for intervention. Copyright © 2015 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of School Psychology
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    • "; Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, 2011; Jones et al., 2012; Windle et al., 2008). In adolescence, behavioral similarities between youngsters and their peers gradually emerge in terms of alcohol drinking and substance use behaviors (Valente et al., 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to identify peers and social network characteristics associated with drinking occasions through early adolescence. The study sample of 1808 middle school students (aged 13-15 years) in northern Taiwan was collected via a two-wave longitudinal study of the Alcohol-Related Experiences among Children (AREC). Data concerning individual sociodemographics, family characteristics, peer influence, and alcohol drinking behaviors were collected via web-based self-administered questionnaire. Building upon the maximum of five friends nominated by young respondents at 7th grade, class-based social network was first constructed via the UCINET and Pajek; the network position (i.e., member, bridge, and isolate) for each student was subsequently ascertained. Complex surveys analyses and negative binominal regression models were used to evaluate concurrent and prospective relationship estimates. Effects of peers and social network were found to operate differentially by childhood alcohol experience. For the alcohol naïve youngsters, receiving higher peer's nomination at baseline was linked with subsequent increased drinking occasions (adjusted Incidence Rate Ratio [aIRR]=1.06; 95% CI=1.01-1.10), whereas having peers against alcohol drinking may reduce drinking occasions at 9th grade (aIRR=0.59; 95% CI=0.41-0.87). For the alcohol experienced youngsters, having parental alcohol offer, drinking peers, and attending classes of higher drinking norms may increase future drinking occasions by 90%, 80% and 44%, respectively. Our results demonstrated that parental alcohol offer, peer norms, and social network may affect adolescent drinking occasions differentially depending on childhood drinking experience. The findings have implications for the interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in underage population. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
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