Influence of sleep disturbance on quality of life of patients with epilepsy

Department of Neurology, Democritus University of Thrace, University - General Hospital, Alexandroupolis, Greece.
Seizure (Impact Factor: 1.82). 04/2008; 17(7):588-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.seizure.2008.02.005
Source: PubMed


The frequency of sleep disturbances in patients with epilepsy and their impact on quality of life (QoL) have been documented in a few reports, and the results are conflicting. We identified 124 consecutive epilepsy out-patients who visited the epilepsy out-patient clinics at the University Hospital of Alexandroupolis, the AHEPA Hospital in Thessaloniki and the Aeginitio Hospital in Athens. We measured excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with the Sleep Apnea scale of the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire (SA-SDQ), and insomnia with the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). We evaluated quality of life by the Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory (QOLIE-31). EDS was found in 16.9% (21/124) of epileptic patients, OSA in 28.2% (35/124), and insomnia in 24.6% (30/122). In multivariate analysis, we found that insomnia was an independent negative factor for Total score (p<0.001), Overall QoL (p=0.002), Emotional well-being (p<0.001), Energy/fatigue (p<0.001), Cognitive functioning (p=0.04) and Social functioning (p=0.03), and OSA only for Cognitive functioning (p=0.01). According to our findings, EDS, OSA, and insomnia are frequent in epileptic patients. Epileptic patients with sleep disturbance, mainly insomnia, have significant QoL impairment.

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Available from: Charitomeni Piperidou, Nov 15, 2015
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    • "While not specific to patients with epilepsy, it has been widely used to assess sleepiness in a host of diseases including epilepsy [41]. The SDQ-SA has also been commonly applied to the epilepsy population [42]. A score equal to or more than 36 for men and 32 for women is considered to have approximately 80% sensitivity and specificity for polysomnographically proven sleep apnea [40]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Aim. Caregiver burden (CB) in epilepsy constitutes an understudied area. Here we attempt to identify the magnitude of this burden, the factors associated with it, and its impact to caregiver quality of life (QOL). Methods. 48 persons with epilepsy (PWE) underwent video-EEG monitoring and their caregivers completed questionnaires providing demographic, disease-related, psychiatric, cognitive, sleep, QOL, and burden information. Results. On regression analysis, higher number of antiepileptic drugs, poorer patient neuropsychological performance, lower patient QOL score, and lower caregiver education level were associated with higher CB. Time allocated to patient care approximated but did not attain statistical significance. A moderate inverse correlation between CB and caregiver QOL physical component summary score and a stronger inverse correlation between CB and caregiver QOL mental component summary score were seen. Conclusion. In a selected cohort of PWE undergoing video-EEG monitoring, we identified modest degree of CB, comparable to that reported in the literature for other chronic neurological conditions. It is associated with specific patient and caregiver characteristics and has a negative effect on caregiver QOL.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014
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    • "Table 1 summarizes these studies. Evidence shows that sleep disorders (especially OSA and insomnia) are twice to 3 times more common in PWE than in controls [12–14]. On the other hand, the data on EDS is not so straightforward, with studies showing that the prevalence is similar to controls [2, 3, 12, 13] and others reporting a high prevalence in PWE [14–18]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Sleep complaints are common in patients with epilepsy (PWE). Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is one of the most reported complaints and its impact is still a matter of debate. Objective. Evaluate the relationship between EDS and epilepsy, with emphasis on prevalence, assessment, and causes. Methods. A systematic review on PubMed database in the last 10 years (2002 to 2012). The search returned 53 articles and 34 were considered relevant. After citation analysis, 3 more articles were included. Results. Most studies were cross-sectional and questionnaire based. 14 papers addressed EDS as the primary endpoint. 14 adult and 3 children studies used subjective and objective analysis as methodology. The number of studies increased throughout the decade, with 21 in the last 5 years. Adult studies represent almost three times the number of children studies. EDS prevalence in PWE varies from 10 to 47.5%. Prevalence was higher in developing countries. Conclusion. EDS seems to be related more frequently to undiagnosed sleep disorders than to epilepsy-related factors, and although it affects the quality of life of PWE, it can be improved by treating comorbid primary sleep disorders.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013
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    • "However, when considering ESS scores that were greater than 10, we observed no significant trend towards EDS among PWE (p = 0.08). Although previous studies had already demonstrated higher scores of EDS in PWE compared to controls [5,17–20], only two studies reported a significant difference [5] [20]. These findings suggest the limitations of ESS as a tool to measure sleepiness in PWE, particularly to assess sleepiness while driving a car, which is an uncommon daily activity for PWE [18]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), sleep quality, and sleep disorders in a cohort of patients with epilepsy in the city of Florianopolis in southern Brazil. One hundred and forty patients diagnosed with epilepsy were assessed by questionnaires that included demographic and clinical variables, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Stanford Sleepiness Scale (SSS), and the Fletcher & Luckett Adapted Questionnaire (FLAQ). These data were then compared to data from a control group (n=85). Compared to controls, patients with epilepsy (PWE) had significantly higher scores on the ESS (p=0.003), higher scores on the "daytime dysfunction" domain of the PSQI (p=0.002), and more symptoms that suggested obstructive sleep apnea in the FLAQ (p<0.001). By performing multiple linear regression models, we demonstrated that age, male gender, the presence of secondarily generalized seizures, and phenobarbital use were slightly to moderately correlated with PSQI (r=0.38) and FLAQ (r=0.51) but not with SSS scores. We concluded that PWE had more EDS, daytime dysfunction, and sleep disorders compared to a control group.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · Epilepsy & Behavior
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