Treatment of End-Stage "Trash Feet" With the End-Diastolic Pneumatic Boot
Department of Internal Medicine, Bryn Mawr Hospital, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010, USA.Angiology (Impact Factor: 2.97). 04/2008; 59(2):214-9. DOI: 10.1177/0003319707305984
This study reassessed the clinical effect of Circulator Boot (CB) therapy in patients with cholesterol embolization syndrome (CES) of the lower extremities. The medical records were reviewed of 27 patients consecutively referred to the Bryn Mawr Wound Care and Vascular Center with CES who had not responded to previous therapies. All patients with CES referred from January 1, 1997, to September 19, 2005, were followed up and included in the study. The alternate therapy offered for most patients at the time of referral was limb amputation. The median age of the patients was 65 years (age range, 46-84 years) at the time of diagnosis. Healing of CES was observed after a median interval of 11 months (range, 3-32 months) following the initiation of CB therapy. The total number of legs treated was 41. Of 41 legs, 33 (81%) were totally healed, 6 (15%) improved, and 2 (5%) were amputated. After an initial period of improvement, one patient died a month later of causes unrelated to CES or CB therapy. Another patient improved and discontinued treatment before he was totally healed. Cholesterol embolization syndrome is seen predominantly in patients following cardiac or vascular procedures but may occur spontaneously. The CB seems to be the only effective noninvasive therapy for CES. Early initiation of therapy is essential to minimize tissue loss and patient discomfort.
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