Jani P, Nasr AL, Demellawy DE. Synchronous renal cell carcinoma and adrenocortical carcinoma: a rare case report and clinicopathologic approach
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.The Canadian Journal of Urology (Impact Factor: 0.98). 05/2008; 15(2):4016-9.
A case of synchronous adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has not yet been described in the English medical literature, to our knowledge. We report a first such case of adrenocortical and renal cell carcinomas occurring simultaneously in a 53-year-old male. He presented with history of vague abdominal pain. Ultrasound followed by a computed tomography (CT) scan and a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination revealed a 6.4 cm left adrenal mass and a 3.5 cm right renal mass. The patient had complaints of gastroparesis manifesting with constant nausea as well as intermittent abdominal bloating and abdominal pain. He also had history of profuse intermittent sweating. There was no history of palpitations or fluctuations in blood pressure. The patient's urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) levels and serum cortisol levels were normal. His 24-hour urine metanephrine levels were slightly elevated. Left adrenalectomy and right partial nephrectomy were performed. In this case, it is important to determine whether these tumors represent metastases or two synchronous tumors, as this has implications on the patient's management and prognosis. Clinical and pathological clues that led to the diagnosis are discussed in detail.
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- "Because of the juxtaposition of the adrenal gland to the kidney, it is not uncommon for ACC to involve the renal parenchyma. Occasionally renal cell carcinoma (RCC) may metastasize to the contralateral adrenal gland. Synchronous ACC and RCC are very rare and only one such case has been reported in the English medical literature. We present here another case of synchronous ACC and RCC. "
ABSTRACT: We present here a rare case of synchronous adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A 27-year-old woman presented with gradual abdominal distension, hematuria, and loss of weight of 3-months duration. She gave a history of treatment for hypertension. The computed axial tomography (CT) scan revealed a large retroperitoneal mass. Her urinary VMA was slightly elevated. Her 24-h urinary metanephrine level was normal. The patient underwent left adrenalectomy, left nephrectomy, spleenectomy, and distal pancreactomy with segmental colonic resection. Postoperative pathology revealed ACC of left suprarenal measuring 22 × 19 × 18 cm(3) and RCC involving the left upper pole of kidney measuring 3 × 2 × 1 cm(3).
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- "The first case, described in 1995, was of a patient with cancer of the rectum, breast and adrenal gland. 15 ACC has also been reported to occur synchronously with stage IIIB testicular seminoma 16, ganglioneuroblastoma 17, osteosarcoma 18, and renal cell carcinoma 19. (Table 1) "
ABSTRACT: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is an aggressive tumor that accounts for 0.02% of all reported cancers. ACC commonly arises in a sporadic manner, but may also manifest as part of a familial syndrome. Regardless of the setting, ACC rarely arises concurrent with other malignant tumors. In this report we describe a 32-year-old woman who on work-up for abnormal vaginal bleeding was diagnosed with synchronous uterine adenocarcinoma, ovarian adenocarcinoma and ACC. We also provide a literature review of the past 20 years to identify other patients with ACC and synchronous malignant tumors, and those with familial syndromes associated with an increased risk of developing ACC. To our knowledge this is the first report of a patient with synchronous malignant tumors of the uterus, ovary and adrenal gland. Review of the literature revealed only 5 other cases in which a patient had concurrent ACC and malignant tumors in other organs.
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ABSTRACT: The incidence of cancer compared for age groups is 3-4 times higher in transplant recipients than the general population. The increased risk is related to immunosuppressive therapy as well as the use of increasingly older donors and recipients. Although cardiovascular disease with a functioning transplant is the leading cause of death (47%), cancer mortality is significant especially among older patients. However, the most frequent posttransplantation cancers relate to hemolymphopoietic organs and skin, whereas the occurrence of solid tumors elsewhere is rare. Herein we have described a rare case of synchronous double malignancy of endocrine organs (thyroid-adrenal) in a young woman who underwent renal transplantation.
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