Five-Factor Model personality profiles of drug users

National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, Baltimore, USA.
BMC Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 2.21). 02/2008; 8(1):22. DOI: 10.1186/1471-244X-8-22
Source: PubMed


Personality traits are considered risk factors for drug use, and, in turn, the psychoactive substances impact individuals' traits. Furthermore, there is increasing interest in developing treatment approaches that match an individual's personality profile. To advance our knowledge of the role of individual differences in drug use, the present study compares the personality profile of tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, and heroin users and non-users using the wide spectrum Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality in a diverse community sample.
Participants (N = 1,102; mean age = 57) were part of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) program in Baltimore, MD, USA. The sample was drawn from a community with a wide range of socio-economic conditions. Personality traits were assessed with the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R), and psychoactive substance use was assessed with systematic interview.
Compared to never smokers, current cigarette smokers score lower on Conscientiousness and higher on Neuroticism. Similar, but more extreme, is the profile of cocaine/heroin users, which score very high on Neuroticism, especially Vulnerability, and very low on Conscientiousness, particularly Competence, Achievement-Striving, and Deliberation. By contrast, marijuana users score high on Openness to Experience, average on Neuroticism, but low on Agreeableness and Conscientiousness.
In addition to confirming high levels of negative affect and impulsive traits, this study highlights the links between drug use and low Conscientiousness. These links provide insight into the etiology of drug use and have implications for public health interventions.

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    • "l . , 2012 ) , for CE - drug use specifically it has been predicted that there would be no effect ( Middendorff et al . , 2012 ) . This latter assumption has been supported by one study ( Middendorff et al . , 2012 ) . For other substances , agreeableness seems to have a protecting effect , since more agreeable persons report lower marijuana use ( Terracciano et al . , 2008 ) , alcohol consumption ( Malouff et al . , 2007 ; Turiano et al . , 2012 ) , non - medical use of prescription drugs ( Benotsch et al . , 2013 ) , polydrug abuse ( Lackner et al . , 2013 ) , and alcohol dependency ( Kornør and Nordvik , 2007 ) . Neuroticism includes feelings such as anxiety , nervousness , sadness , and depression and "
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