Disaster mental health workers responding to Ground Zero: one year later.

Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Journal of Traumatic Stress (Impact Factor: 2.72). 04/2008; 21(2):227-30. DOI: 10.1002/jts.20311
Source: PubMed


The current study examined anniversary reactions in mental health disaster relief workers following traumatic exposure at the site of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks. Despite relatively low levels of symptom reporting, workers endorsed an increase in both negative mood symptoms and functional impairment at the one-year anniversary of their traumatic exposure (compared to 6 months postexposure). For those individuals who met at least partial criteria for PTSD immediately following exposure, overall self-reported PTSD symptoms tended to increase from 6 to 12 months. This tendency resulted specifically from an increase in hyperarousal symptoms. Although few endorsed symptoms at clinical levels, our results demonstrate that disaster relief workers may experience an increase in symptomatology at the anniversary of their traumatic exposure.

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Available from: Sandra B Morissette, Nov 01, 2014
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    • "First is a problem with disaster psychiatry. All Caribbean islands are affected by natural disasters in the form of floods and hurricanes as well as man-made disasters like crime and violence; however, the mental health system is not set up to deal with the resultant post traumatic stress-related disorders (Baker-Henningham, Meeks-Gardner, Chang, & Walker, 2009; Daly, et al., 2008). For example, the Jamaican government estimates that 29% of the population aged 15-74 suffer from some kind of PTSD-related diagnosis (Saunders, 2008) which is significantly higher than prevalences observed in immigrants to the US (Williams, et al., 2007). "

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