Serous borderline tumor of the paratestis
Department of Pathology, Hoshigaoka Koseinenkin Hospital, Hirakata, Japan. Pathology International
(Impact Factor: 1.69).
06/2008; 58(5):311-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1827.2008.02229.x
Reported herein is a case of serous borderline tumor (SBT, ovarian epithelial type tumor) of the paratestis, involving the tunica vaginalis, in a 64-year-old man. The patient complained of right hydrocele; puncture cytology of the turbid fluid pointed to an adenocarcinoma. Right orchiectomy was performed and multiple micronodules were grossly observed in the paratestis. On microscopy small papillary epithelial lesions were found with psammoma bodies and intraglandular papillary lesions were irregularly recognized in the stroma of the paratestis, similar to SBT of the ovary. The tumor cells had often short microvilli. Mucin production was evident on PAS and colloid iron staining. Both papillary and glandular epithelial cells were positive on immunohistochemistry for Ber-EP4/epithelial antigen, low-molecular-weight cytokeratin (CAM5.2), cytokeratin 7 and estrogen and progesterone hormone receptors, but negative for CEA, cytokeratin 20 and calretinin. The average proliferative index was approximately 10.5% as assessed on Ki-67 (MIB-1) staining. Ultrastructurally, the cells did not demonstrate any well-developed microvilli or secretory granules and immunohistochemical findings supported SBT of Müllerian type (ovarian epithelial type tumor), while excluding a papillary type of malignant mesothelioma. The lesion in the present case was concluded to be a testicular serous tumor of Müllerian type, similar to SBT of the ovary.
Available from: Ulrike Hamper
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ABSTRACT: Paratesticular mesotheliomas are rare tumors with 223 cases described so far. The sole plausible causative factor so far ascertained in the pathogenesis of these tumors is asbestos, which however is found in only around 30% to 40% of such cases. The age range of affected individuals is wide, mostly adults and the elderly, but also includes young people and children. The most common presenting symptom is either hydrocele of unknown origin or intrascrotal mass. When hydrocele is the presenting symptom, these tumors are often clinically overlooked and the diagnosis is delayed. Most paratesticular mesotheliomas arise in the tunica vaginalis, but primary tumors of the spermatic cord and epididymis are also on record. Tumors arising from the peritoneal mesothelium of a hernia sac are excluded from this group. The correct diagnosis is almost always made after histologic examination of the operative specimen. Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy are always helpful and sometimes necessary tools for diagnosis. So far very few cases have been identified or suspected preoperatively on cytologic examination. Three clinicopathologic types of malignant mesotheliomas of the male genital tract are recognized: diffuse tubulo-papillary mesothelioma, well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma, and multicystic mesothelioma. The histologic subtypes are almost always pure epithelial or biphasic. The differential diagnosis is mainly with serous papillary tumors arising from Mullerian vestiges, but several diverse primary or secondary tumors also need to be considered. A clinicopathologic evaluation of a case of tunical diffuse mesothelioma in a 74-year-old male from the AMR Series is the starting point for this general review.
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