Worldwide Variability in Physical Inactivity A 51-Country Survey

Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, Geneva, Switzerland.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.53). 07/2008; 34(6):486-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.02.013
Source: PubMed


Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for chronic diseases, but for many (mainly developing) countries, no prevalence data have ever been published.
To present data on the prevalence of physical inactivity for 51 countries and for different age groups and settings across these countries.
Data analysis (conducted in 2007) included data from 212,021 adult participants whose questionnaires were culled from 259,526 adult observations from 51 countries participating in the World Health Survey (2002-2003). The validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to assess days and duration of vigorous, moderate, and walking activities during the last 7 days.
Country prevalence of physical inactivity ranged from 1.6% (Comoros) to 51.7% (Mauritania) for men and from 3.8% (Comoros) to 71.2% (Mauritania) for women. Physical inactivity was generally high for older age groups and lower in rural as compared to urban areas.
Overall, about 15% of men and 20% of women from the 51 countries analyzed here (most of which are developing countries) are at risk for chronic diseases due to physical inactivity. There were substantial variations across countries and settings. The baseline information on the magnitude of the problem of physical inactivity provided by this study can help countries and health policymakers to set up interventions addressing the global chronic disease epidemic.

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    • "With such a heterogeneous mix of countries, sampling procedures and survey administration protocol were not conducted uniformly, which affected the accuracy of the aggregated prevalence estimates (World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2010). Researchers have previously acknowledged factors such as differential interpretation of questions and understanding of physical activity intensity as a limitation when making comparisons across countries (Guthold et al., 2008). Weighted response rates, however, were similar between Arab (92.2%) and non-Arab (93.5%) "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Physical inactivity surveillance informs policy and treatment options toward meeting the World Health Organization's (WHO) goal of a 10% reduction in its prevalence by 2025. We currently do not know the aggregate prevalence for Muslim-majority countries, many of which have extremely high rates of comorbidities associated with physical inactivity. Method: Based on data for 163,. 556 persons in 38 Muslim countries that were collected by the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, unweighted and weighted physical inactivity prevalence estimates were calculated. I used two-proportion Z tests to determine gender and ethnic differences within the sample and between the sample and 94 non-Muslim countries and odds ratios to determine the magnitude of significant differences. Results: Total physical inactivity prevalence was 32.3% (95% CI: 31.9, 32.7). Prevalence among males and females was 28.8% and 35.5%, respectively. Prevalence among non-Arabs and Arabs was 28.6% and 43.7%, respectively. Females and Arabs were more likely physically inactive than their respective counterparts [OR. =. 1.36 (1.33, 1.39) and OR. =. 1.94 (1.90, 1.98)]. Muslim countries were more likely physically inactive [OR. =. 1.23 (1.22, 1.25)] than non-Muslim ones, which was primarily due to the influence of Arabs [OR. =. 2.01 (1.97, 2.04)], and in particular female Arabs [OR. =. 2.22 (2.17, 2.27)]. Conclusion: Physical inactivity prevalence in the Muslim world is higher than non-Muslim countries and the difference is primarily due to higher rates among Arabs.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
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    • "Physical inactivity levels are rising in developing countries and Malaysia is of no exception [4]. Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey 2003 reported that 39.7% was the prevalence rate of physical inactivity and it was higher for women (42.6%) than men (36.7%). "
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objective: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Physical inactivity levels are rising in developing countries and Malaysia is of no exception. Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey 2003 reported that the prevalence of physical inactivity was 39.7% and the prevalence was higher for women (42.6%) than men (36.7%). In Malaysia, the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2006 reported that 43.7% (5.5 million) of Malaysian adults were physically inactive. These statistics show that physically inactive is an important public health concern in Malaysia. College students have been found to have poor physical activity habits. The objective of this study was to identify the physical activity level among students of Asia Metropolitan University (AMU) in Malaysia. Materials and Methods: The study design was a cross sectional survey. A total of 100 participants comprising of 50 male and 50 female students were selected for the study by means of convenience sampling. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form was used to identify the physical activity level. Results: A greater percentage of males (56%) showed high physical activity level than females (24%). In contrast, females showed high percentage of low physical activity level. Students in the age range of 22-25 years depicted more percentage (43.5%) of high physical activity level. When comparison of physical activity levels were done among different races, Indian students showed greater percentage (61.8%) of high physical activity level. Furthermore, students who were underweight and overweight had 50% and 46.7% of high physical activity levels respectively which are greater than the values observed in normal body weight students. Conclusion: The physical activity level among students was found satisfactory although the percentage of low level of physical activity was found higher in female students. KEY WORDS: Physical activity level, Metabolic Equivalent, Body Mass Index.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research
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    • "F iziksel hareketsizlik, yüksek şiddetli fiziksel egzersizin günde en az 20 dakika sürecek şekilde haftada en az 3 gün, veya orta şiddetli fiziksel egzersizin günde en az 30 dakika sürecek şekilde haftada en az 5-7 gün gerçekleştirilmeme durumu olarak tanımlanmaktadır (Guthold, Ono, Strong, Chatterji ve Morabia, 2008). "
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    ABSTRACT: Body building is one of the popular types of recreational physical activities worldwide. However, body builders often choose a one-way training program to induce hypertrophy while disregarding cardiovascular exercises that are important for increasing performance and maintaining a healthy life. This study aimed to assess the physical finess levels of recreational body builders in accordance with the guidelines of the American College of Sports and Medicine (ACSM). Twenty-two male athletes (aged 19–42 years) participated in this study (height: 176.9 ± 5.78 cm, weight: 80.81±6.44 kg, body building experience: 3 years). The maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) was measured using the Queen’s College step test and flxibility was assessed with the stand and reach test. The back and leg strengths of the participants were determined using an isometric dynamometer. Skinfolds were measured with a calipers and the Durnin and Womersley formula was used to measure the body fat percentage. Demographic features and data pertaining to the training schedules were obtained from a data collection form which was prepared by the researchers. The participants showed the following mean scores for the parameters assessed: body mass index (BMI): 25.82 ± 1.7 kg/m2; VO2max: 51.07 ± 8.02 ml/kg/min; stand and reach test score: 11.48 ± 6.12 cm; leg strength: 123.59 ± 29.49 kg; back strength: 124.09 ± 26.40 kg; right hand grip strength: 53.83 ± 7.82 kg; and body fat percentage: 13.32 % ± 2.80 %. According to the ACSM norms, the participants had normal BMI, VO2max, and body fat percentage, but low flxibility and strength. It is therefore recommended that recreational bodybuilders add flxibility and maximal strength training to their routine training schedule.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015
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