Victimisation and suicide ideation in the TRAILS study: specific vulnerabilities of victims. J Child Psychol Psychiatr

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus University Medical Center/Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 6.46). 06/2008; 49(8):867-76. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.01900.x
Source: PubMed


Scientific studies have provided some support for a link between being a victim of bullying and suicide ideation. We examine whether (1) parental psychopathology and (2) feelings of rejection (at home and at school) exacerbate vulnerability to suicide ideation in victims of bullying (pure victims and bully-victims).
Data were from a population-based cohort study of Dutch children (n = 1526, mean age = 12.29 years). Using peer nominations, three groups were established: (1) victim only; (2) bully-victims (children who are victims and who also bully others); (3) uninvolved. Self-report data on suicide ideation were obtained using two items from the Youth Self-Report (Achenbach, 1991). Parental internalizing and externalizing disorders were assessed, as were self-reported feelings of rejection at home and social well-being among classmates.
The association between victimization and suicide ideation was moderated by parental internalizing disorders (but not externalizing disorders) and feelings of rejection at home. Victims (but not bully-victims) with parents with internalizing disorders reported elevated levels of suicide ideation compared to children uninvolved in bullying. Victims feeling more rejected at home also reported more suicide ideation. There were no overall sex differences in suicide ideation. Surprisingly, bully-victims did not report higher levels of suicide ideation compared to children uninvolved in bullying.
Parental internalizing disorders and feelings of rejection at home confer a specific vulnerability for suicide ideation among victims of bullying.

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Available from: Johan Ormel, Jul 23, 2014
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    • "Similar results can be seen by the researchers Markus and associates (Markus et al, 2003), where it is again established that children in elementary school with anxious reactions had parents who reflected the rejecting parenting style. In addition, the results of the research conducted by Herba and her colleagues (Herba et al, 2008) showed that adolescents whose parents preferred the rejecting parenting style, tend to think about suicide. The research by Baumrind (Baumrind, 1991) showed that the psychoactive substances abuse in the adolescence period is correlated to the rejecting parenting style. "
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    • "These five variables were standardized and combined into one scale with an internal consistency of 0.84 (Veenstra et al., 2005). Several TRAILS studies used this SES-measure (Amone-P'Olak et al., 2009; Herba et al., 2008; Veenstra et al., 2008). In the present study, SES may act as a confounder, since SES is related to both parenting factors and externalizing behavior problems (Marsman et al., 2012). "
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    • "We should be careful, though, in attributing differences found in studies to real life differences in prevalence of bullying, as variations between different investigations could depend on the defining criteria used and the population studied. We did, however, keep our conceptual and operational definitions in line with mainstream definitions from the field (Bowes et al. 2009; Herba et al. 2008; Olweus 1994; Salmivalli 2010). "
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