Myopericytoma: Report of two cases associated with trauma

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Lifespan Academic Medical Center, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02903, USA.
Journal of Cutaneous Pathology (Impact Factor: 1.58). 06/2008; 35(9):866-70. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0560.2007.00910.x
Source: PubMed


Myopericytoma is a rare, recently described tumor demonstrating a hemangiopericytoma-like vascular pattern. We present two cases of myopericytoma associated with trauma: a 64-year-old man who developed several nodules on his nose four months after sustaining multiple abrasions to his forehead and nose, and a 72-year-old woman with a solitary growth in the alveolar ridge of unknown duration. Biopsy specimens of the lesions in both cases demonstrated a striking concentric perivascular proliferation of bland spindle-shaped pericytic cells characteristic of myopericytoma. Despite sharing morphologic features with angioleiomyoma, myofibroma and glomus tumor, myopericytoma is thought to represent a distinct perivascular myoid neoplasm of skin and soft tissues. The tumor is characterized by a radial and perivascular arrangement of ovoid, spindled to round neoplastic cells that are immunoreactive to alpha-smooth muscle actin, often for h-caldesmon as well as smooth muscle myosin-heavy chain, and usually negative for desmin antibodies. Most cases of myopericytoma are benign, however, local recurrence and malignancy have recently been reported, Myopericytoma can be multifocal involving a single or multiple anatomic regions, and tends to occur in dermal and superficial soft tissues of adults primarily on the extremities. Our cases are unusual examples of myopericytoma manifesting as multiple nodules on the nose, and a solitary growth on the buccal mucosa after trauma.

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    • "The histological features of the two tumors may present similarly as both have myoid-appearing cells and a diffused vessel structure. However, MPC have oval-to-spindle shaped cells with a striking tendency for concentric perivascular growth [16], which can be distinguished immediately, and the neoplastic cells are usually negative for desmin antibodies. "
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    ABSTRACT: Three cases of intracranial angioleiomyoma (ALM) in our neurosurgery center are reported in detail. ALM is a benign soft tissue tumor comprised of mature smooth muscle cells and a prominent vascular component, which is extremely rare as a primary intracranial lesion. Altogether, only 12 cases were recorded in the literature to date, to the best of our knowledge. Case 1 is the second report of intra-sella ALM, a 51-year-old woman presented with visual deterioration for 2 months. An MRI showed an intra-sella 3-cm tumor, partially flame-like, enhanced with gadolinium. Using microscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach, the tumor was completely resected with great difficulty. At 11 days post-surgery, she died of a sudden catastrophic nasal hemorrhage . An angiography revealed a pseudo-aneurysm of ICA (internal carotid artery). Case 2 is a 49-year-old man who presented with weakness of the lower limbs for 1 year. A large subtentorial mass was found affixed to the torcular and straight sinus, which was partially flame-like, dramatically enhanced as in case 1. Case 3 is that of a77-year-old man. An ALM mass was revealed in the diploe of left temporal bone, and had eroded the inner table. Immunohistochemical workup confirmed the diagnosis of angioleiomyoma in all 3 cases. The radiology, operation, and complication of surgery in each case were discussed. In conclusion, intracranial ALMs are extremely rare, usually located ex-neuro axis (such as in our cases), in the sella, in posterior fossa, or in the skull. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a special feature of flame-like partial enhancement that may be helpful to distinguish ALM from pituitary tumors or meningiomas, and should result in the consideration of this rare tumor entity early on in the diagnostic process. A definitive diagnosis depends on histological analyses. The resection of ALM in certain locations is difficult and risky because of the rich blood supply.
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    ABSTRACT: Myopericytoma is an uncommon, benign perivascular myoid cell tumor that occurs almost exclusively in somatic soft tissues. We report 2 cases occurring in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who show unusual clinical and biologic features. One patient presented with a bronchial mass and the other developed mass lesions of the tongue, vocal cord, and brain. Histologically, oval to plump spindly tumor cells with uniform nuclei and scanty cytoplasm formed sheets or cuffs around gaping or narrow vascular spaces. Focally, these areas merged into fascicles of more elongated cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm. The tumor cells were immunoreactive for actin but not desmin, and showed uniform labeling for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded RNAs on in-situ hybridization. Both patients were alive 5 years after incomplete excision of the lesions. In conjunction with another case reported in the literature, myopericytoma occurring in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients exhibits several features distinct from sporadic myopericytoma: presentation in anatomic sites other than somatic soft tissues, frequent presence of multifocal disease, and association with EBV. This tumor type therefore also broadens the spectrum of neoplasms associated with EBV.
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